HIV transmission from men to women in intimate partner relationships in Vietnam: a discussion paper

HIV transmission from men to women in intimate partner relationships in Vietnam: a discussion paper
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Name:HIV transmission from men to women in intimate partner relationships in Vietnam: a discussion paper
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Asia has seen a major increase in the number of women living with HIV over the past decade, with women making up 35 per cent of new infections, an increase of 4 per cent since 2000. Although some women acquired HIV through injecting drug use and others while selling sex, the majority were exposed while having sex with a husband or partner who had contracted HIV through injecting drug use, through unprotected sex with a sex worker or through unprotected sex with a male partner. This is known as HIV transmission in intimate partner relationships, or "IPT".

In 2009, it was estimated that 243,000 people in Viet Nam were living with HIV, with prevalence among adults (ages 15 to 49) at 0.43 per cent of the population. HIV infection is still heavily concentrated among men who use drugs or engage in other high-risk behaviours. In 2009, the number of male adults living with HIV was three times higher than the number of female adults living with HIV, and men still make up the majority of new infections. However, it is estimated that the male-female ratio will gradually decrease, reaching 2.6 by 2012, reflecting the risk of transmission from HIV positive injecting drug users (IDUs) and clients of sex workers to their spouses or regular sexual partners.

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