Follow us on: 
facebook
youtube
flick
 

Global hunger continues to rise, new UN report says

In Email

821 million people now hungry and over 150 million children stunted, putting hunger eradication goal at risk

11 September 2018, Rome – New evidence continues to signal that the number of hungry people in the world is growing, reaching 821 million in 2017 or one in every nine people, according to The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2018 released today. Limited progress is also being made in addressing the multiple forms of malnutrition, ranging from child stunting to adult obesity, putting the health of hundreds of millions of people at risk.

Hunger has been on the rise over the past three years, returning to levels from a decade ago. This reversal in progress sends a clear warning that more must be done and urgently if the Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger is to be achieved by 2030.

The situation is worsening in South America and most regions of Africa, while the decreasing trend in undernourishment that characterized Asia seems to be slowing down significantly.

The annual UN report found that climate variability affecting rainfall patterns and agricultural seasons, and climate extremes such as droughts and floods, are among the key drivers behind the rise in hunger, together with conflict and economic slowdowns.

"The alarming signs of increasing food insecurity and high levels of different forms of malnutrition are a clear warning that there is considerable work to be done to make sure we 'leave no one behind' on the road towards achieving the SDG goals on food security and improved nutrition," the heads of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO) warned in their joint foreword to the report.

"If we are to achieve a world without hunger and malnutrition in all its forms by 2030, it is imperative that we accelerate and scale up actions to strengthen the resilience and adaptive capacity of food systems and people's livelihoods in response to climate variability and extremes," the leaders said.

The impact of climate variability and extremes on hunger

Changes in climate are already undermining production of major crops such as wheat, rice and maize in tropical and temperate regions and, without building climate resilience, this is expected to worsen as temperatures increase and become more extreme.

Analysis in the report shows that the prevalence and number of undernourished people tend to be higher in countries highly exposed to climate extremes. Undernourishment is higher again when exposure to climate extremes is compounded by a high proportion of the population depending on agricultural systems that are highly sensitive to rainfall and temperature variability.

Temperature anomalies over agricultural cropping areas continued to be higher than the long-term mean throughout 2011–2016, leading to more frequent spells of extreme heat in the last five years. The nature of rainfall seasons is also changing, such as the late or early start of rainy seasons and the unequal distribution of rainfall within a season.

The harm to agricultural production contributes to shortfalls in food availability, with knock-on effects causing food price hikes and income losses that reduce people's access to food.

Slow progress on ending all forms of malnutrition

Poor progress has been made in reducing child stunting, the report says, with nearly 151 million children aged under five too short for their age due to malnutrition in 2017, compared to 165 million in 2012. Globally, Africa and Asia accounted for 39 percent and 55 percent of all stunted children, respectively.

Prevalence of child wasting remains extremely high in Asia where almost one in 10 children under five has low weight for their height, compared to just one in 100 in Latin America and the Caribbean.

The report describes as "shameful" the fact that one in three women of reproductive age globally is affected by anaemia, which has significant health and development consequences for both women and their children. No region has shown a decline in anaemia among women of reproductive age, and the prevalence in Africa and Asia is nearly three times higher than in North America.

Rates of exclusive breastfeeding in Africa and Asia are 1.5 times higher than those in North America where only 26 percent of infants under six months receive breastmilk exclusively.

The other side of hunger: obesity on the rise

Adult obesity is worsening, and more than one in eight adults in the world is obese. The problem is most significant in North America, but Africa and Asia are also experiencing an upward trend, the report shows.

Undernutrition and obesity coexist in many countries, and can even be seen side by side in the same household. Poor access to nutritious food due to its higher cost, the stress of living with food insecurity, and physiological adaptations to food deprivation help explain why food-insecure families may have a higher risk of overweight and obesity.

Call for action

The report calls for implementing and scaling up interventions aimed at guaranteeing access to nutritious foods and breaking the intergenerational cycle of malnutrition. Policies must pay special attention to groups who are the most vulnerable to the harmful consequences of poor food access: infants, children aged under five, school-aged children, adolescent girls, and women.

At the same time, a sustainable shift must be made towards nutrition-sensitive agriculture and food systems that can provide safe and high-quality food for all.

The report also calls for greater efforts to build climate resilience through policies that promote climate change adaptation and mitigation, and disaster risk reduction.

Key facts and figures

  • Number of hungry people in the world in 2017: 821 million or 1 in every 9 people
    • in Asia: 515 million
    • in Africa: 256.5 million
    • in Latin America and the Caribbean: 39 million
  • Children under 5 affected by stunting (low height-for-age): 150.8 million (22.2%)
  • Children under 5 affected by wasting (low weight-for-height): 50.5 million (7.5%)
  • Children under 5 who are overweight (high weight-for-height): 38.3 million (5.6%)
  • Percentage of women of reproductive age affected by anaemia: 32.8%
  • Percentage of infants aged below 6 months who were exclusively breastfed: 40.7%
  • Adults who are obese: 672 million (13% or 1 in 8 adults)

Note to editors

The heads of agencies issuing today's report are: José Graziano da Silva, Director-General of FAO; Gilbert F. Houngbo, President of IFAD; Henrietta H. Fore, Executive Director of UNICEF; David Beasley, Executive Director of WFP; and Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of WHO.

The report is part of tracking progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 2-Zero Hunger, which aims to end hunger, promote food security and end all forms of malnutrition by 2030. The report also tracks progress on six of the seven World Health Assembly global nutrition targets.

Last year's report observed that three factors are behind the recent rise in hunger: conflict, climate and economic slowdowns, and provided an in-depth study of the role of conflict. This year's report focuses on the role of climate variability and extremes to explain the observed trends in food security. The attribution of climate variations and extremes to climate change is beyond the scope of this report.

*** ENDS ***

For more information, please contact

  • Zoie Jones, FAO Rome, +39 06 570 56309, +39 331 431 0003, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Katie Taft, IFAD, +39 334 608 3657 (Rome), This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Sabrina Sidhu, UNICEF New York, +1 9174761537, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Frances Kennedy, WFP Rome, +39 346 7600806, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Fadela Chaib, WHO Geneva, +41 22 791 3228, +41 79 475 5556 , This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Louis Vigneault-Dubois, UNICEF Viet Nam, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

 

Tiêu điểm

myhealth-myright_en.pdf.png

NGÀY THẾ GIỚI PHÒNG CHỐNG AIDS NĂM 2017

 

Ngày 1 tháng 12 năm 2017

 

Michel Sidibé
Tổng Giám đốc UNAIDS
Phó Tổng thư ký Liên Hợp Quốc

Kỷ niệm ngày Thế giới phòng chống AIDS năm nay, chúng ta cùng nhau nêu bật tầm quan trọng của quyền về sức khỏe và những thách thức mà những người sống với HIV và người có nguy cơ cao lây nhiễm HIV còn đang phải đối mặt trong việc thực hiện quyền về sức khỏe.


contest_680.jpg

Vì một hà nội vui sống, thiết kế không gian công cộng

Hà Nội ngày 17/10/2017 - Với mục tiêu cải thiện môi trường sống của người dân, đồng thời đưa văn hóa nghệ thuật đến với cộng đồng, hướng đến một tương lai đô thị tốt đẹp hơn, Chương trình Định cư Con người Liên Hợp Quốc (UN-Habitat) đã xây dựng dự án "Huy động nguồn lực cộng đồng và sự tham gia của giới trẻ trong kiến tạo không gian công cộng xanh, an toàn tại Quận Hoàn Kiếm" (sau đây gọi tắt là dự án Không gian công cộng) thuộc chương trình Block by Block của Văn phòng Trung ương UN-Habitat và công ty Mojang, nhà sáng lập ứng dụng Minecraft.


op-ed-juv-justice-390.jpg

Trừng phạt khắc nghiệt đối với trẻ em vi phạm pháp luật không ngăn chặn được tình hình tội phạm người chưa thành niên tiếp tục gia tăng

Độ tuổi chịu trách nhiệm hình sự của trẻ em là một chủ đề gây nhiều tranh cãi trên thế giới. Ở Việt Nam, vấn đề này đang được tranh luận trong quá trình sửa đổi bổ sung Bộ Luật Hình sự. Một số người tranh luận rằng phương thức tiếp cận "cứng rắn với tội phạm" là cần thiết để trừng phạt trẻ em nhằm phòng ngừa tình trạng phạm tội tiếp diễn.

Tuy nhiên, nghiên cứu quốc tế chỉ ra rằng do trẻ em còn đang trong giai đoạn phát triển, việc gán cho trẻ em và đối xử với trẻ em như những tội phạm ở độ tuổi nhỏ có thể tác động tiêu cực nghiêm trọng đến sự phát triển và khả năng cải tạo, phục hồi thành công của trẻ.


rc_ai_new_year_card_300.jpg

New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam

 

On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


WAD2016.jpg

Thông điệp của Tổng Thư Ký LHQ Ban Ki-moon nhân Ngày thế giới phòng chống AIDS, 1 tháng 12

 

Ngày hôm nay, 35 năm sau khi AIDS xuất hiện, toàn thế giới đã có thể tự hào khi nhìn lại các nỗ lực phòng chống dịch. Nhưng chúng ta cũng phải hướng về phía trước với quyết tâm và cam kết chấm dứt dịch AIDS vào năm 2030.

Thế giới đã đạt được những bước tiến thực sự to lớn. Số người được điều trị HIV đã tăng cao hơn bao giờ hết. Kể từ năm 2010, số trẻ em bị nhiễm HIV do lây truyền từ mẹ đã giảm một nửa. Cứ mỗi năm số người tử vong do AIDS lại giảm thêm. Và những người nhiễm HIV đang ngày càng có tuổi thọ dài hơn.



RSS Email Subscription

Enter your email address: