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UNICEF

Hazards, Opportunities Drive Increase in Internal Migration in Viet Nam

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child labour1Jan-20-2015 - A combination of high risks in rural areas and opportunities in the cities has provoked a big increase in internal migration in Viet Nam, according to an IOM report scheduled for release this week.

"Our work with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development shows the importance of internal migration in Viet Nam," said David Knight, IOM's Chief of Mission in Viet Nam. "There is great potential to use the income this creates for rural development and innovative policy initiatives could further increase the positive impact on rural communities from this flow of labour," he added.

The research focuses on two migration movements of significance to the government's National Target Programme on New Rural Development: rural-urban migration and environment-induced resettlement schemes.

Viet Nam is one of the most hazard-prone countries in the Asia-Pacific region, with more than 70 per cent of its population exposed to risks from multiple natural hazards. The country has already developed many resettlement adaptation policies and programmes in response to climate change.

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