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UNDP

Very low electricity price set for basic need: new research


 

shutterstock 211130215Ha Noi 10 January 2017 – “For the first 30kWh per month, a minimal price should be set for all electricity users per month and cash transfer should be eliminated”, recommends a policy discussion paper launched today by the Centre for Analysis and Forecasting of Viet Nam Academy of Social Sciences (CAF/VASS) in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme in Viet Nam (UNDP) and the British Embassy in Ha Noi.

The paper also recommends another option for the concessional first 30 kWh per month, a freezing of the current tariff and a radical simplification of the cash transfer – merging it into other transfers – and abolishing the usage requirement.

The paper, “Ensuring social equity in Viet Nam’s power sector reforms”, argues that an increase in power tariffs in 2017 and later seems inevitable but current mitigation measures to protect low-income groups against these rises cannot be justified on both efficiency and equity grounds. It points out a number of shortcomings of the current measures and suggests a new mechanism of mitigation measures to ensure social equity in the transition toward a full retail power market and low carbon economy.

According to UNDP Deputy Country Director in Viet Nam Akiko Fujii, today’s workshop presents the fourth and final research outputs of a joint programme between UNDP and a host of national partners  that started in 2010 to support the Government in reforming fossil fuel fiscal policies in Viet Nam.

“The measures proposed today for changes to the tariff structure and electricity cash transfer, do not re-impose a social responsibility on the Electricity of Viet Nam (EVN) but rather they re-shape the charging system to maximize welfare and redistribute costs between users,” Ms Akiko Fujii emphasized. “They offer the basis of a socioeconomically and environmentally sustainable charging system – both protecting the poor and incentivizing energy efficiency”.  

For small and medium enterprises, the paper urges Government to assist and incentivize firms to adopt energy efficient practices and new technologies, so that they can benefit rapidly from tariff changes and ease the transition.

‘’Price changes should be carefully discussed with stakeholders and effectively communicated with enterprises and households in a timely manner to reach consensus in the society’’, said VASS Vice President Phạm Văn Đức.

The paper also highlights the need to explore the possibility of scaling up the production of alternative forms of energy such as wind and solar power. “Technological breakthroughs have led to low cost power plans and the possibility of ‘distributed’ (local) power production through which consumers can reduce their electricity bills and local mini-grids can help remote communities and islands access energy,” the paper says.

“The future will be low carbon,” said Ambassador Giles Lever of the British Embassy in Viet Nam. “The Paris Agreement sent a clear signal on this. The UK has already reduced its emissions by 29% compared with 1990 and we will have reduced our emissions by 52% by 2028. In Vietnam, we are committed to working, along with other international partners, to show that cleaner, lower-carbon growth is not just technically possible, but can lead to a more prosperous and sustainable future”.  

The paper is based on two major research studies – quantitative and qualitative – by the CAF/VASS and the Central Institute for Economic Management with support from UNDP; the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the British Embassy in Viet Nam.

For more information, please read UNDP speech; Policy Brief; the discussion paper

Media contacts
:
Ms Vu Thi Van Ngoc, VASS Center for Analysis and Forecasting. Tel: 84-4-62730475. Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ; or
Nguyen Viet Lan, UNDP Communication. Tel: 84-4-38500158. Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Spotlight

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WORLD AIDS DAY MESSAGE 2017

1 December 2017

Michel Sidibé
Executive Director of UNAIDS
Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

This World AIDS Day, we are highlighting the importance of the right to health and the challenges that people living with and affected by HIV face in fulfilling that right.


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Community spaces design contest for an exciting hanoi

Ha Noi, October 17/10/2017 - Aiming at improving the living environment and bringing culture and art to the community towards a better urban future, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) successfully developed the project “Promote participatory, community-based and youth-led approach in safe, greening public spaces in Hoan Kiem district toward a pro-poor, inclusive and sustainable urban development” (hereinafter called Public Spaces project) under the Block by Block program with Mojang, the makers of the videogame Minecraft.

 

Deadline for round 1: From 17/10/2017 to 04/11/2017 Extended to 9 November 2017


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Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


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New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam

 

On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


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UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December

 

Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.



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