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Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNFPA Publications

Why do some women experience more violence by husbands than others?

Date added: 01/19/2016
Downloads: 7301
Why do some women experience more violence by husbands than others?

In 2013, the UNFPA, in partnership with GSO and MOLISA, commissioned a secondary analysis of data from the National Study on Domestic Violence, which was conducted by GSO in 2010. This report should be seen as a supplement, or 'Part 2', of the report "Keeping silent is dying" - Results from the National Study on Domestic Violence against Women in Viet Nam. The study intends to shed some more light on the reasons why in the same cultural context, some women experience more violence by their husbands than do others. This understanding should help the government design more effective interventions and develop necessary policies to address VAW in a more comprehensive manner.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UN Women Publications

Access to Justice in the Plural Legal System in Viet Nam

Date added: 06/30/2015
Downloads: 7627
Access to Justice in the Plural Legal System in Viet Nam

This report is a study initiated within the framework of a regional study on women’s access to justice through plural legal systems. The regional study is conducted through UN Women’s regional programme on “Improving Women’s Human Rights in Southeast Asia – CEDAW, Phase II” with the support from the Government of Canada. In Viet Nam, the Institute of Sociology, a State organization part of the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, worked with the UN Women country office in Viet Nam to conduct this study on “women’s access to justice in the plural legal system in Viet Nam from the CEDAW perspective to promote policies, focusing on domestic violence”. This study analyzes the relationship between formal and informal legal systems and identifies factors preventing women from accessing justice. It also determines specific demands and steps to address barriers in the plural legal system and increase women’s access to justice.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNICEF Publications

Citizen Report Card on Public Health Service at Commune Level - Kon Tum City

Date added: 06/15/2015
Downloads: 8489
 Citizen Report Card on Public Health Service at Commune Level - Kon Tum City

With a view to implementing the Comprehensive Program on State Administrative Reform – Period 2011-2020, Kon Tum Provincial People's Committee (PPC) has given the direction to step up on administrative reform in the province. On July 23rd, 2012, the PPC promulgated Decision 673/QD-UBND on the Plan of State Administrative Reform for Kon Tum province – period 2011-2015 whose objectives were specified as "c) Enhancing the quality and efficiency of the single window mechanism..., increasing the level of satisfaction of individuals and organizations with the services provided by state administrative bodies to 65% by 2013 and to 80% by 2015". On August 30th, 2013, the PPC issued Decision 635/QD-UBND on amending and supplementing part of the Plan of State Administrative Reform for Kon Tum province to accompany Decision 673/QD-UBND, where the former specified at Clause 1.f that "the Provincial Department of Home Affairs shall take the lead and cooperate with relevant agencies to advise and make recommendation to the PPC and the Chairperson of the PPC on commissioning an assessment of the level of satisfaction of the general public with the services provided by administrative bodies and by public service delivery units in the fields of healthcare and education"

Citizen report card on Public Health Services at Commune Level in Dien Bien Province

Date added: 07/15/2014
Downloads: 9969
Citizen report card on Public Health Services at Commune Level in Dien Bien Province

The Health Department of Dien Bien province, with financial and technical support from UNICEF, has undertaken a survey on customer satisfaction to communal public health services using Citizen Report Card (CRC) tool in 6 communes of 3 districts covering Thanh Yen and Noong Luong (Dien Bien district); Chieng So and Keo Lom (Dien Bien Dong district); Nam Ke and Quang Lam (Muong Nhe district). 

Surveying service users’ feedback and satisfaction levels of the health services provided at commune level and using CRC in Dien Bien aims at 2 specific objectives:

  • To collect feedback on service quality and user satisfaction levels with the communal health services including: (1) Antenatal care, (2) Medical check-up, (3) Vaccination, (4) Maternal and child healthcare during and after birth (5) Communication.
  • To provide specific recommendations for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the 5-year provincial socio-economic development plan and health plan against objectives and targets as well as suggestions to improve the quality of health services at commune level.

This research collects users’ feedback and evaluates users’ satisfaction for 05 healthcare services provided by CHS (Commune Health Clinics) on 7 aspects including:

  1. Availability of the services;
  2. Accessibility to the services;
  3. Use of the services;
  4. Quality of the services;
  5. Users’ satisfaction;
  6. Problems encountered by users of the services;
  7. Recommendations for improvements.

This is a sociological survey with the participation of the people who used 5 services, using quantitative, cross and descriptive statistical method. Respondents were 300 mothers with small children (these were the users of 4 services including pregancy check-up and conselling, MCHC during and after the labor, vacinnation and communication) and 300 users of diagnostic and treatment services at CHS (including 188 mothers repeated from the first group, 34 women and 78 men).

Manual on local annual and five year development planning with new approach

Date added: 08/09/2013
Downloads: 11732
Manual on local annual and five year development planning with new approach

After almost 30 years of renovation from a centralized planning economy to a market-oriented one, Vietnam has witnessed significant achievements in economic development, poverty reduction and international integration. Various areas of governance have been reformed and institutionalized to effectively facilitate this process.

Nevertheless, the planning process (including planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation) as an important state management tool still faces a number of constraints posed by the market economy and accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The most notable and also the key limitation of the current planning process is the lack of an institutional framework from the central to local level on the reform of a results- based, participatory, and market driven planning process, even though this has been mentioned in important documents of the Party and the Government. Therefore, needs for planning reform and institutionalization of such a reform have become necessary and important.

Within their operation framework, many internationally-funded projects in Viet Nam have supported the government at all levels in piloting the planning reform. Some projects have developed and piloted different manuals to foster their planning reform mainly at communal level. The support of international organizations, on one hand, has helped localities and institutions pilot and apply modern and scientific planning tools and approaches. On the other hand, these initiatives fell short of consistence and coordination from the central to local levels in the whole planning system. In reality, the national, local and sectorial SEDPs are generally developed following conventional approach under the direction of Ministry of Planning and Investment’s annual planning guidelines.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) 2012

Date added: 05/14/2013
Downloads: 11497
The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) 2012

The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) is a joint collaboration between the Centre for Community Support Development Studies (CECODES) under the Viet Nam Union of Science and Technology Associations (VUSTA), and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Viet Nam since 2009, with the close partnership and support of the Centre for Theory Work of the Viet Nam Fatherland Front from 2009-2010, the Front Review from 2010-2012, the Commission for People’s Petitions under the National Assembly Steering Committee in 2012, and the Centre for Research and Training of the Viet Nam Fatherland Front—VFF-CRT from 2013.

The 2012 PAPI survey is the result of several years of fine-tuning. The first PAPI survey was piloted in three provinces in 2009 and then expanded to 30 provinces in 2010. Through these first two iterations, questions were adjusted to better capture citizen experiences. In 2011 PAPI was conducted for the first time in all 63 provinces in Viet Nam. The questions that form the basis of the PAPI findings were also finalized. From this point on, PAPI will not only be able to provide a useful indicator for central and local government performance, but also a metric to assess how performance has changed over time.

PAPI assesses three mutually reinforcing processes: policy making, policy implementation and the monitoring of public service delivery. The dimensions are specifically tailored to Viet Nam’s national and local level contexts. The philosophy behind PAPI’s innovative policy monitoring approach is that citizens are seens as “end-users of public administrative services” capable of assessing governance and public administration in their localities. The end result is Viet Nam’s first publically available dataset providing an objective evaluation of governance from the perspective of citizens. Based on this citizen input, PAPI provides a set of objective indicators that help assess the performance in governance and public administration, while at the same time providing an incentive for provinces to improve their performance over the long term. PAPI is supported substantively and technically by a national advisory board and a group of international governance measurement experts.

CECODES, VFF and UNDP aim to support improvements in transparency; stimulate reform; enlarge the ‘space’ for citizen participation in policy planning, implementation, and monitoring; as well as to significantly expand the pool of quantitative data available for policy formulation and improvement.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNICEF Publications

Public expenditure tracking survey report

Date added: 03/25/2013
Downloads: 13855
Public expenditure tracking survey report

This Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) was undertaken in 2011-2012 under the framework of the Country Programme of Cooperation between the Government of Viet Nam and UNICEF. This publication exemplifies the strong partnership between the Ministry of Planning and Investment, Dien Bien Province and UNICEF Viet Nam.

The Survey was completed by a research team consisting of Ms. Nguyen Thi Kim Dung (Central Institute for Economic Management), Ms. Tran Nhu Trang (Center for Rural Progress) and Ms. Hoang Thi Thuy Nguyet (Academy of Finance) with technical guidance and support from Prof. Bernard Gauthier (University of Montreal).

The Survey Report received valuable inputs and comments from experts of local departments and agencies in Dien Bien (Department of Planning and Investment, Department of Education and Training, Department of Finance, Provincial Statistics Office, Committee for Ethnic Minorities, agencies in Muong Cha and Dien Bien Dong districts) and ministries and committees at central level (Ministry of Planning and Investment, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Education and Training, Committee for Ethnic Minorities).

The Ministry of Planning and Investment and UNICEF Viet Nam would like to sincerely thank all those who contributed to this publication.

Increasing efficiency and effectiveness of Cash Transfer Schemes for improving school

Related link:

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

Women's representation in public administration in Viet Nam

Date added: 10/25/2012
Downloads: 14036
Women's representation in public administration in Viet Nam

Women's Representation in Public Administration is very low. Currently, only 9 percent and 8 percent of Minister and Vice-minister positions are held by women respectively. Similar low representation is seen at the Director and Deputy Director level within ministries. Compared internationally, Viet Nam ranks 83rd in terms of number of women legislators, senior officials and managers. Viet Nam has a clear mandate from the National Strategy on Gender Equality to significantly increase the number of women in senior decision making positions. To meet these targets, the discriminatory unequal retirement age for women and men needs to be removed, affirmative action policies put in place to hire and promote qualified women to senior positions, and awareness raising campaigns aimed at men to play a larger role in child care and home management.

The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) 2011

Date added: 05/11/2012
Downloads: 15331
The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) 2011

Measuring citizens’ experiences

“People know, people discuss, people do and people verify” is a Vietnamese phrase that perhaps best summarizes the goals of the Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI). PAPI provides objective information about citizens’ experiences and interactions with local authorities, thus “people know”. It provides a means for the discussion and validation of findings at central and local levels in order for people to discuss. PAPI illuminates the collective experience of what citizens do, enabling policy makers to act in their interests, thereby fulfilling the precept that “people do”. Finally, PAPI provides a tool to assess actual administrative performance allowing people to verify.

Filling the Gap: The Emerging Civil Society in Viet Nam

Date added: 01/25/2007
Downloads: 18497
Filling the Gap: The Emerging Civil Society in Viet Nam

Civil Society Index studies were carried out worldwide from 2004 to 2006 in order to assess the present strengths and weaknesses of civil society in several dozen countries. The assessments follow similar methodologies in each country to assess civil society at a national level, based on the participation of a national Stakeholder Assessment Group (SAG) and a national team comprising a coordinator, researchers and an international civil society expert. The assessments are based on a common methodology developed by CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation through extensive research in a number of pilot countries.

The VietNam project was carried out from April 2005 to March 2006 and was made possible by support from the UNDP and SNV in VietNam. It was the first attempt in Viet Nam to broadly map civil society.

Objectives of the CSI include:

  • Creating knowledge about the state of civil society
  • Creating a shared understanding of civil society among key stakeholders
  • Improving the self-understanding of civil society and developing a better appreciation of its role
  • Producing an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of civil society and outlining some priority areas for policy and actions.

This discussion paper provides a context for the project in Viet Nam and summarises the methodology and outcome of the CSI study. The definition used for civil society is broad and inclusive and focuses on the functions, rather than the forms, of the organisations involved. The major findings are discussed and the paper concludes with a number of recommendations as to how the development of civil society in Viet Nam could be further supported.

The CSI studies assess four essential dimensions of civil society, which together give a broad and coherent perspective on civil society. The four dimensions are: the structure of civil society, the socio-economic environment for civil society, the values of civil society, and the impact of civil society activities. In all, the Stakeholder Assessment Group (SAG) assessed 74 indicators related to the four dimensions.

The Viet Nam provincial governance and public administration performance index (PAPI) 2010

Date added: 04/05/2011
Downloads: 18119
The Viet Nam provincial governance and public administration performance index (PAPI) 2010

PAPI provides objective and evidence-based measures of provincial performance of the public administration system and public service delivery agencies at the provincial level. Based on the experiences of 5,568 randomly selected citizens from different demographic backgrounds in 30 selected provinces, it is expected PAPI will play an important role as social feedback that informs policy makers and executers at the central and provincial levels, of the current performance of local government

Reforming Public Administration in Viet Nam: Current Situation and Recommendations

Date added: 05/26/2010
Downloads: 20926
Reforming Public Administration in Viet Nam: Current Situation and Recommendations

The book “Reforming Public Administration in Vietnam: Current Situation and Recommendations” presents detailed discussions on developments of public administration in Vietnam over the last decade of reform and suggests ways forward or options for speeding up the reform process. The book, with one overview and six thematic chapters, provides rich insights into six major and cross-cutting themes of public administration reform in Vietnam, including (i) institutional reform, (ii) government organisation, (iii) human resources development for the civil service, (iv) public finance management, (v) economic development and public administration reform, and (vi) anti-corruption, development and public administration.

The volume is a joint product of 18 senior and mid-range researchers from the world and Vietnam, who participated in the research—commissioned by United Nations Development Programme in Vietnam and led and edited by UNDP Policy Advisor on Public Administration Reform and Anti-corruption—between mid-2008 and early 2009. It also involved over 100 interviewees who are experts in the area of public administration in Vietnam and are serving or have served in the political, state, civil society organisations as well as think-tanks in Vietnam.

The volume should be of special interests to policy-makers in Vietnam, academics engaged Vietnam studies, as well as applied researchers and development partners who are directly involved in efforts to facilitate public administration reforms in Vietnam.

Measuring citizens' perception and experience on justice

Date added: 03/29/2012
Downloads: 14676
Measuring citizens' perception and experience on justice

Findings and recommendations from a three province pilot

This paper outlines an experimental research study aiming to measure justice in Viet Nam from citizen’s experience and perception. It illustrates the survey methodology and instrument used in ascertaining respondents’ reaction to justice through case study on environmental and land disputes. As an outcome, the study sheds light on the reality of huge gap between law and practice, the existence of a legal pluralism system where formal, informal and customary institutions are found synergy.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNAIDS Publications

HIV Epidemic Update 2007

Date added: 12/04/2007
Downloads: 15246
HIV Epidemic Update 2007

The 2007 AIDS epidemic update reports on the latest developments in the global AIDS epidemic. The 2007 edition provides the most recent estimates of the AIDS epidemic and explores new findings and trends in the epidemic’s evolution.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNCTAD Publications

World Investment Report 2011: Viet Nam Country Fact Sheet

Date added: 07/21/2011
Downloads: 13617
World Investment Report 2011: Viet Nam Country Fact Sheet

This is the country fact sheet for Viet Nam of the World Investment Report 2011: Non-equity Modes of International Production and Development, published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). 

To download the 2011 World Investment Review by UNCTAD, go to:

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNICEF Publications

Adoption from Viet Nam: Findings and recommendations of an assessment

Date added: 08/11/2010
Downloads: 17149
Adoption from Viet Nam: Findings and recommendations of an assessment

The  report  "Adoption  from  Viet Nam: findings and recommendations of an assessment"  is  the  result  of  an independent assessment commissioned by UNICEF  Viet  Nam  and  the  Department  of Adoption of the Ministry of Justice   of  Viet  Nam  in  2009.  This  assessment  was  carried  out  by International  Social  Service  (ISS).  Its  main  objectives  were  to: (1) identify  and  address  problems  in  both  the  domestic  and intercountry adoption  processes,  with a view to assisting Viet Nam in its preparations to  accede  to  the 1993 Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption; and (2) review  the  new draft law on adoption, and propose any amendments that may appear necessary to ensure compliance with international standards and good practice.

Since  the  finalisation  of the report, the National Assembly has passed a new  law  on  adoption (in  June  2010).  This new law addresses many of the concerns  related  to  intercountry  adoptions that were highlighted by the assessment.




1 December 2017

Michel Sidibé
Executive Director of UNAIDS
Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

This World AIDS Day, we are highlighting the importance of the right to health and the challenges that people living with and affected by HIV face in fulfilling that right.


Community spaces design contest for an exciting hanoi

Ha Noi, October 17/10/2017 - Aiming at improving the living environment and bringing culture and art to the community towards a better urban future, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) successfully developed the project “Promote participatory, community-based and youth-led approach in safe, greening public spaces in Hoan Kiem district toward a pro-poor, inclusive and sustainable urban development” (hereinafter called Public Spaces project) under the Block by Block program with Mojang, the makers of the videogame Minecraft.


Deadline for round 1: From 17/10/2017 to 04/11/2017 Extended to 9 November 2017


Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December


Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.

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