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Category: UN Viet Nam Joint Publications/Joint UN recommendations, positions & commentaries

UN recommendations on the draft law on legal aid of Viet Nam

Date added: 06/01/2017
Downloads: 2100
UN recommendations on the draft law on legal aid of Viet Nam

 

These recommendations on the updated draft of the law are made with a view to assisting Viet Nam in meeting its commitment to ensuring equal access to justice for all in accordance with Sustainable Development Goal target 16.3, and consistent with international standards including the UN Principles and Guidelines on Access to Legal Aid in Criminal Justice Systems1 as adopted by the UN General Assembly through Resolution 67/1872 (referred to as “UN Principles and Guidelines” below), as well as international legal standards regarding the right of access to legal aid in non-criminal cases.

Joint UN Recommendations on the Law on Associations

Date added: 10/24/2016
Downloads: 3271
Joint UN Recommendations on the Law on Associations

 

A Law on Associations has been under development and is scheduled for review in the National Assembly. The law will be fundamental to exercise the right to freedom of association guaranteed under the Vietnamese Constitution and to realize Viet Nam’s commitments in international human rights treaties. The document presents joint UN recommendations which are based on the principles and best practices of the international human rights treaties ratified by Viet Nam.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

Health insurance in Viet Nam towards universal coverage: The case of the workers of informal sector

Date added: 12/08/2015
Downloads: 3945
Health insurance in Viet Nam towards universal coverage: The case of the workers of informal sector

The 2008 Law on Health Insurance targets comprehensive health insurance coverage by 2014. In 2009, health insurance was expanded to 58.4% of the population, demonstrating the efforts of the Government to expand the provision of health care. However, extending the coverage of health insurance to the remaining 41.6% of the population, or 35.7 million people, is a challenging task. First of all, even those individuals whose participation is subsidized appear reluctant to join the scheme. Secondly, those who are not insured predominantly work in the informal sector and are hard to track. Understanding and eliminating the obstacles that explain the unwillingness to participate in health insurance should therefore be part of any strategy to improve health insurance coverage. Understanding these obstacles is at the heart of this brief, and the study which underpins it, which focuses on workers in the informal sector and their family members.

Report on the survey of the reality of local court governance in Viet Nam

Date added: 07/11/2014
Downloads: 7066
Report on the survey of the reality of local court governance in Viet Nam

This report “Reality of Local Court Governance in Viet Nam” was commissioned within the framework of MOJ-UNDP project “Strengthening Access to Justice and Protecting Rights in Vietnam”. The report is end result of an empirical study based on the opinions of 2,516 judges—about half the number of working judges in Viet Nam—on existing practice of local court administration, e.g. organization and functions, case management and adjudicatory work, personnel management, budgeting, supervision and monitoring.

According to the research’s findings, a number of potential threats to judicial independence from party organs, local government, higher level courts, internal court incentive and sanction structures.  This report is prepared therefore with the hope that it will serve as a useful reference for Vietnam officials, judges, legal scholars and citizens as they chart their own path toward judicial reforms and the rule of law.

Land-Taking Disputes in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis and Implications for Viet Nam

Date added: 07/11/2014
Downloads: 7151
Land-Taking Disputes in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis and Implications for Viet Nam

Many of the economic, demographic, and social changes animating land disputes in Vietnam are also sweeping across other countries in East Asia. The aim of this Report is to provide comparative insights into land-taking disputes in three East Asian countries—China, Indonesia, and Cambodia—that are relevant to Vietnamese conditions. It is not the intention of this Report to provide a comprehensive account of land-taking disputes, but rather to identify trends in dispute resolution.

This Report concludes that land tenure reforms are useful in providing clarity about ownership. However without competent land titling and registration agencies and courts, land tenure reforms cannot resolve the underlying conflicts about access to scarce resources. Similarly, institutional reforms have proved ineffective in resolving land disputes unless they level the playing field between state agencies, land users, and developers. Attempts by governments in the region to suppress land disputes have pushed grievances underground, leading in the long-term to more deep-seated and intractable conflicts.

This Report is commissioned by UNDP Vietnam with the financial support of Democratic Governance Thematic Trust Fund (DGTTF).

Category: UN Viet Nam Joint Publications/Joint UN recommendations, positions & commentaries

Revising the 2003 law on land in Viet Nam: Creating Equitable Treatment for Land Use Right Holders

Date added: 11/30/2012
Downloads: 9879
Revising the 2003 law on land in Viet Nam: Creating Equitable Treatment for Land Use Right Holders

This brief makes recommendations (issued by the United Nations, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Union Delegation to Viet Nam, Embassies of Australia, Canada, Finland, Germany, Ireland, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switerland, United Kingdon and United States of America, and Oxfam)  for the revision of the 2003 Land Law. The suggested revisions are designed to ensure that farmers (or rural land use right holders more generally) are treated in ways that are equivalent to other land use right holders. This change will raise rural income and welfare and enable farmers to participate fully in Viet Nam’s modernization.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/IOM Publications

Trafficking in Boys in Viet Nam

Date added: 01/01/2012
Downloads: 3147
Trafficking in Boys in Viet Nam

Previous studies, anecdotal evidence and media reports indicate that boys are trafficked in or from Viet Nam for sex, adoption and forced labour, but very little research has focused specifically on trafficking of boys.The goal of this research is to contribute to the broader objective of ensuring that the particular situation and vulnerabilities of boy victims of human trafficking are adequately addressed in Viet Nam's legal and policy response to the issue. The research objectives are to assess awareness of local authorities and community on and practices to address trafficking in boys, identify forms of trafficking in boys, factors that contribute to vulnerability to trafficking (especially gender conceptions) and types of trafficking in boys and document victims' experience of trafficking, return, rehabilitation and reintegration.

This report documents exploratory research on trafficking in boys in Viet Nam and is an activity under the General Statistics Office (GSO) component, implemented by International Organization for Migration (IOM) under the three-year Joint Programme on Gender Equality.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

Justice index: Assessment of Distributive Justice and Equality from a Citizen-based Survey in 2012

Date added: 10/03/2013
Downloads: 8465
Justice index: Assessment of Distributive Justice and Equality from a Citizen-based Survey in 2012

 

This Report proposes the Justice Index as a new tool for analyzing and making legal and judicial policies. It is also an effective tool to make state agencies both at central and local levels accountable to citizens for the performance of public institutions, efforts to ensure justice – or fairness and equality – for citizens. The Report begins by explaining the demand for a policy tool to help measure and assess people’s experience of justice in Chapter 1. Chapter 2 introduces the research and survey methodology. Chapter 3 gives a national overview of distributive justice and equality in practice, identifying the challenges faced by local people in getting access to the judicial system and/or public institutions in general. It also identifies shortcomings in: resolving civil disputes and administrative complaints; as well as ensuring the fundamental rights of the people. Chapter 4 presents the results of the 21 surveyed provinces of the 2012 Justice Index. The report concludes by listing some policy implications, based on 2012 Justice Index findings, in Chapter 5.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNODC Publications

Transnational Organized Crime in East Asia and the Pacific

Date added: 08/16/2013
Downloads: 5733
Transnational Organized Crime in East Asia and the Pacific

 

The study describes what is known about the mechanics of contraband trafficking - the what, who, how, and how much of illicit flows - and discuss their potential impact on governance and development in East Asia and the Pacific. More specifically, it focuses on human trafficking and smuggling of migrants, drug trafficking, resources and counterfeit goods.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

Report on the right to counsel in criminal law and practice in Viet Nam

Date added: 02/18/2013
Downloads: 11852
Report on the right to counsel in criminal law and practice in Viet Nam

 

The ambit of the study included analysis of nine (9) constituent rights fundamental to the Right to counsel in international human right laws and international customs. In addition the law and practice of three (3) civil law  countries, with broadly  similar legal systems to that of Vietnam, including China, Japan, and Germany were also studied. In addition,  a common law system, Australia, was considered to compare the theory and practice of the right to counsel in Vietnam. These comparisons were included to assist with debates in Vietnam on reforming justice and perfecting the Criminal Procedure Code (amended).

Appointed Counsel in Vietnamese criminal laws and practice

Date added: 07/26/2012
Downloads: 12304
Appointed Counsel in Vietnamese criminal laws and practice

Article 57 of the Vietnam Criminal Procedure Code provides for the responsibilities of litigation agencies to appoint counsel to represent accused or offender in cases which accused of the crimes are subject to capital or live sentence, and juvenile delinquent or offender with physical or mental defects. This provision of “Appointed Counsel” can be seen as a legitimate mechanism, among others, to realize the right of counsel as stipulated in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ("ICCPR"), which Vietnam accessed and rectified since September 1982. This unprecedented study report provides invaluable insights on how well functioning legal and institutional arrangements have ensured such rights to be properly realized in practice. Its findings are drawn from thorough review of the current legislation, analysis of the data gathering from all 62 existing bar associations and interviews of multi-stakeholders and informants at 9 selected provinces across the country.  The report concludes with practical suggestions on ways forwards for the enhancement of its realization in line with the current legal and judicial reform in Vietnam.

Spotlight

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WORLD AIDS DAY MESSAGE 2017

1 December 2017

Michel Sidibé
Executive Director of UNAIDS
Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

This World AIDS Day, we are highlighting the importance of the right to health and the challenges that people living with and affected by HIV face in fulfilling that right.


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Community spaces design contest for an exciting hanoi

Ha Noi, October 17/10/2017 - Aiming at improving the living environment and bringing culture and art to the community towards a better urban future, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) successfully developed the project “Promote participatory, community-based and youth-led approach in safe, greening public spaces in Hoan Kiem district toward a pro-poor, inclusive and sustainable urban development” (hereinafter called Public Spaces project) under the Block by Block program with Mojang, the makers of the videogame Minecraft.

 

Deadline for round 1: From 17/10/2017 to 04/11/2017 Extended to 9 November 2017


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Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


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New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam

 

On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


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UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December

 

Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.



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