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Category: UN Publications by Agency/UN Women Publications

Access to Criminal Justice by Women Subjected to Violence in Viet Nam

Date added: 06/05/2018
Downloads: 2638
Access to Criminal Justice by Women Subjected to Violence in Viet Nam

This study provides new insights into how women perceive the justice system in Viet Nam and how the victims are treated. When the very actors tasked with facilitating access to criminal justice instead "counsel" and pressure victims to settle cases out of court, or treat them without regard for their dignity or privacy, it should come as no surprise that many women eventually give up on a system which is often unresponsive to their needs. When the criminal justice system fails to fulfill women's human rights, this contributes to perpetuating cultures of reconciliation, cultures of invisibility, and cultures of impunity. This impunity – an exemption from punishment and accountability – fuels violence against women, reducing the impact of advocacy and hard-fought policy achievements.

Category: UN Viet Nam Joint Publications/Gender - Joint UN Publications

Assessment of the situation of women in the criminal justice system in Viet Nam

Date added: 07/31/2013
Downloads: 10142
Assessment of the situation of women in the criminal justice system in Viet Nam

Over the past few decades, Viet Nam has made significant strides in improving its legislative framework to advance gender equality. The 2006 Law on Gender Equality illustrated the government’s commitment to advance this issue, and subsequent policies and laws have contributed to the promotion of women’s rights. However, women continue to face challenges in many areas of society, including the criminal justice system. Whether they experience violence, perpetrators of crimes, or criminal justice workers, women face a patriarchal system laden with gender stereotypes. In order to contribute to the growing volume of research on gender in Viet Nam, the United Nations in Viet Nam undertook an assessment process to research the role of women in the criminal justice system and identify areas for improvement.  

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

2015 Justice Index – towards a justice system for the people

Date added: 06/16/2016
Downloads: 9315
2015 Justice Index – towards a justice system for the people


The report “2015 Justice Index – towards a justice system for the people” is the second iteration of an innovative research project aiming to measure the performance of the justice system in ensuring access to justice, equality and protection of fundamental rights, based on citizens’ experiences and observations.

The report’s main findings and policy recommendations help guide policy solutions and future reforms at the central and local levels, the development of a rule of law state and a democratic society. It includes suggestions on how to use the index as a tool to monitor and evaluate the performance of national action plans to realize Viet Nam’s commitments to the Sustainable Development Goals. The Justice Index results also informs civil society organizations and citizens, and encourage their participation in building “a justice system for citizens” that ensures fairness and equality and protects the legitimate rights and interests of the people in Viet Nam.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UN Women Publications

Access to Justice in the Plural Legal System in Viet Nam

Date added: 06/30/2015
Downloads: 7627
Access to Justice in the Plural Legal System in Viet Nam

This report is a study initiated within the framework of a regional study on women’s access to justice through plural legal systems. The regional study is conducted through UN Women’s regional programme on “Improving Women’s Human Rights in Southeast Asia – CEDAW, Phase II” with the support from the Government of Canada. In Viet Nam, the Institute of Sociology, a State organization part of the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, worked with the UN Women country office in Viet Nam to conduct this study on “women’s access to justice in the plural legal system in Viet Nam from the CEDAW perspective to promote policies, focusing on domestic violence”. This study analyzes the relationship between formal and informal legal systems and identifies factors preventing women from accessing justice. It also determines specific demands and steps to address barriers in the plural legal system and increase women’s access to justice.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

The women's access to land in contemporary Viet Nam

Date added: 10/16/2013
Downloads: 11435
The women's access to land in contemporary Viet Nam

The issue of women’s access to land is often framed in the context of oppression, emancipation, or Vietnamese uniqueness. This study report examines contemporary women’s access to land across ten provinces outside of these traditional narratives. Ten selected research sites reflected a diveristy of rural-urban locations, lineage patterns, and ethnic diversity. In addition to the survey data, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions, the Research Team analyzed available court cases involving inheritance and succession issues in the Vietnamese courts, from the district through Supreme Court levels.

In order for any outreach program to function well, the Research Team suggested that any initiative undertaken to improve women’s land rights should seek to 1) improve the content and communication strategies of outreach programs; 2) encourage and support women in registering their land rights and to use land transfer documents; and 3) raise the standard of basic legal services in communities throughout Vietnam. Initiating an outreach pilot program that is governed by the principles of inclusiveness, diversity, and clarity is also recommended.

Justice index: Assessment of Distributive Justice and Equality from a Citizen-based Survey in 2012

Date added: 10/03/2013
Downloads: 10784
Justice index: Assessment of Distributive Justice and Equality from a Citizen-based Survey in 2012


This Report proposes the Justice Index as a new tool for analyzing and making legal and judicial policies. It is also an effective tool to make state agencies both at central and local levels accountable to citizens for the performance of public institutions, efforts to ensure justice – or fairness and equality – for citizens. The Report begins by explaining the demand for a policy tool to help measure and assess people’s experience of justice in Chapter 1. Chapter 2 introduces the research and survey methodology. Chapter 3 gives a national overview of distributive justice and equality in practice, identifying the challenges faced by local people in getting access to the judicial system and/or public institutions in general. It also identifies shortcomings in: resolving civil disputes and administrative complaints; as well as ensuring the fundamental rights of the people. Chapter 4 presents the results of the 21 surveyed provinces of the 2012 Justice Index. The report concludes by listing some policy implications, based on 2012 Justice Index findings, in Chapter 5.

Report on the right to counsel in criminal law and practice in Viet Nam

Date added: 02/18/2013
Downloads: 14431
Report on the right to counsel in criminal law and practice in Viet Nam


The ambit of the study included analysis of nine (9) constituent rights fundamental to the Right to counsel in international human right laws and international customs. In addition the law and practice of three (3) civil law  countries, with broadly  similar legal systems to that of Vietnam, including China, Japan, and Germany were also studied. In addition,  a common law system, Australia, was considered to compare the theory and practice of the right to counsel in Vietnam. These comparisons were included to assist with debates in Vietnam on reforming justice and perfecting the Criminal Procedure Code (amended).

Appointed Counsel in Vietnamese criminal laws and practice

Date added: 07/26/2012
Downloads: 14820
Appointed Counsel in Vietnamese criminal laws and practice

Article 57 of the Vietnam Criminal Procedure Code provides for the responsibilities of litigation agencies to appoint counsel to represent accused or offender in cases which accused of the crimes are subject to capital or live sentence, and juvenile delinquent or offender with physical or mental defects. This provision of “Appointed Counsel” can be seen as a legitimate mechanism, among others, to realize the right of counsel as stipulated in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ("ICCPR"), which Vietnam accessed and rectified since September 1982. This unprecedented study report provides invaluable insights on how well functioning legal and institutional arrangements have ensured such rights to be properly realized in practice. Its findings are drawn from thorough review of the current legislation, analysis of the data gathering from all 62 existing bar associations and interviews of multi-stakeholders and informants at 9 selected provinces across the country.  The report concludes with practical suggestions on ways forwards for the enhancement of its realization in line with the current legal and judicial reform in Vietnam.

Research studies on the organization and functioning of the justice system in 5 selected countries

Date added: 01/29/2012
Downloads: 14318
Research studies on the organization and functioning of the justice system in 5 selected countries

This set of five comparative studies gives an insightful and comprehensive assessment of the justice system in five countries -- China, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea and Russian Federation -- which have been selected on the basis of their interest for Viet Nam having regard to their socio-economic development, political system, history and culture. While giving prominence to the court system as a core part of the inquiry, the reports examine other related institutions in the justice system and provide a broad base for comparing judicial reforms in the respective countries and Viet Nam. It is expected that this volume will facilitate the work of policy makers in advancing the domestic judicial reform agenda.

Click here to download the Russia, Korea, Japan, Indonesia and China reports

Measuring citizens' perception and experience on justice

Date added: 03/29/2012
Downloads: 14676
Measuring citizens' perception and experience on justice

Findings and recommendations from a three province pilot

This paper outlines an experimental research study aiming to measure justice in Viet Nam from citizen’s experience and perception. It illustrates the survey methodology and instrument used in ascertaining respondents’ reaction to justice through case study on environmental and land disputes. As an outcome, the study sheds light on the reality of huge gap between law and practice, the existence of a legal pluralism system where formal, informal and customary institutions are found synergy.




1 December 2017

Michel Sidibé
Executive Director of UNAIDS
Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

This World AIDS Day, we are highlighting the importance of the right to health and the challenges that people living with and affected by HIV face in fulfilling that right.


Community spaces design contest for an exciting hanoi

Ha Noi, October 17/10/2017 - Aiming at improving the living environment and bringing culture and art to the community towards a better urban future, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) successfully developed the project “Promote participatory, community-based and youth-led approach in safe, greening public spaces in Hoan Kiem district toward a pro-poor, inclusive and sustainable urban development” (hereinafter called Public Spaces project) under the Block by Block program with Mojang, the makers of the videogame Minecraft.


Deadline for round 1: From 17/10/2017 to 04/11/2017 Extended to 9 November 2017


Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December


Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.

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