Although Viet Nam has achieved significant results in improving children’s health and nutritional status over the past decades, addressing malnutrition – and stunting in particular – remains an unfinished agenda. A Review of the Nutrition Situation in Viet Nam in 2009-2010, prepared jointly by the National Institute of Nutrition and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), focuses on the nutritional status of children under five years and their mothers, especially on the prevalence of malnutrition among the preschool population, and the data on micronutrient deficiencies. It also includes data on some of the underlying and basic factors such as food consumption and poverty.
The Nutrition Situation in Viet Nam shows that about 29 per cent of preschool aged children are stunted and 17.5 per cent of children under five are underweight. In addition, a number of nutrition-related chronic diseases such as obesity, hypertension, diabetes and cardio-vascular diseases are increasing rapidly, creating a double burden of malnutrition in Viet Nam.
The Analysis of the Situation of Children in Dien Bien Province provides a holistic picture of the situation of girls and boys, including an in-depth analysis of remaining challenges that children face. It also examines the possible causes of the situation of children, and analyses the province in the context of the North West region and Viet Nam as a whole. The report aims to contribute towards establishing a stronger knowledge base on children by compiling and analysing information and data on children’s issues that exists but has not yet been consolidated or comprehensively analysed.
The Analysis’ findings confirm the province’s remarkable progress across a broad spectrum of children’s issues, in line with its socio-economic development achievements in recent years. However, there are areas where disparities exist and progress is still needed, such as child malnutrition, health care for ethnic minority children and those who are living in poor households, increasing HIV/AIDS prevalence, poor water supply to mountainous communes and villages, limited access to hygienic sanitation by the rural population, limited education for ethnic minority children at all levels, and limited access to special protection measures by vulnerable groups of children.
This Situation Analysis was produced over a two-year period by UNICEF in close collaboration with the Government of Viet Nam. It was initiated in the context of the 2008 Mid-Term Review of the Programme of Cooperation between the Government of Viet Nam and UNICEF.
UNICEF would like to sincerely thank the Government of Viet Nam for their collaboration in the development of this Analysis, particularly the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI), Office of Government, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education and Training, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Justice, General Statistics Office, and the National Assembly’s Committee for Culture, Education, Youth and Children.
The contributions and inputs from the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA), as the State Managing Agent for children, are particularly acknowledged. The initial research, writing and analysis was done by a team consisting of Dr. Rebeca Rios Kohn (team leader), Ms. Vu Xuan Nguyet Hong, and Mr. Nguyen Tam Giang. The document went through extensive consultation and review from a wide range of organisations, including United Nations agencies, international and national “non-governemntal” Oganisations, and academic institutions and researchers. Three consultation workshops were held in 2008, with strong participation from relevant partners. A field trip was undertaken to Dong Thap province in 2008, where the research team was provided with provincial authorities’ insights on the situation of children specifically in that province.
UNICEF Viet Nam staff revised and updated the draft document, bringing it to its final form.
UNICEF would like to sincerely thank all those who contributed to this publication.
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Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride. But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.
There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment. Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year. And people living with HIV are living longer lives.
The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030. Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.
25 November 2016 - At long last, there is growing global recognition that violence against women and girls is a human rights violation, public health pandemic and serious obstacle to sustainable development. Yet there is still much more we can and must do to turn this awareness into meaningful prevention and response.
Did you know that in Viet Nam, the net flow of foreign direct investment increased from USD1billion in 2003 to USD10 billion in 2008, and that by 2015 reached USD23 billion? Or that the total value of exports rose from USD2 billion in 1990 to USD72 billion in 2010, to reach USD162 billion in 2015? These impressive figures highlight the country’s robust economic success, providing a boost to the economy and employment.
These accomplishments are largely due to the reforms undertaken by Viet Nam since Doi Moi in 1986 which liberalized the economy, attracted foreign investment, fostered exports and reduced poverty. To prepare for reform, Viet Nam received extensive technical assistance from the international community, including from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), well before 1986 and, more precisely, since 1978.
For more than 35 years, UNIDO has been sharing international best practices to help Viet Nam develop inclusive and sustainable industry. With more than USD100 million in expenditure, UNIDO’s technical cooperation activities have been carried out across a broad range of fields, including support to the private sector and technical and industrial research organizations, facilitation of technology transfer, trade capacity-building, human resource development, environmental protection, energy efficiency, investment promotion and responsible business practices.
Volunteering for Sustainable Development Goals – UNV Vietnam Facebook Photo Contest
On the occasion of International Youth Day (IYD) celebration event organized by the UN in Vietnam "Vietnamese Youth: Partners in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals", the UNV Field Unit (FU) in Vietnam is thrilled to launch its Facebook Photo Contest – "Volunteering for Sustainable Development Goals". Vietnamese Youth is a driving force of Volunteerism and has an important role to play in achieving SDGs, including through Volunteer activities. Show the world how you contribute to achieving the SDGs by Volunteering! Either you are a young volunteer or any other kind of volunteer, you are welcome to join the contest!
18/07/2016 - After responding to emergency zoonotic outbreaks, the importance of One Health Approach has been emphasized worldwide in effectively preventing and controlling these diseases. In order to discover more about this approach within the Viet Nam country context, a discussion was held with FAO Viet Nam's Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) core One Health technical staff members (Pawin Padungtod – Senior Technical Coordinator, Nguyen Thuy Hang – One Health Advocacy and Communication Coordinator and Nguyen Phuong Oanh – Operations Officer to talk about their recent One Health assessment mission in Ha Giang and Quang Nam provinces.