The set of provincial profiles was developed to facilitate the sub-national planning and programming process by UNICEF and the Government of Viet Nam for the next Country Programme cycle 2012-2016. It contains a total of eight statistical profiles representing the eight provinces that, after an extensive analytical selection process, were identified as representing the sub-national geographical focus for the coming five years, notably: Dien Bien, Kon Tum, Ninh Thuan, Dong Thap, An Giang, Ho Chi Minh City, Gia Lai and Lao Cai.
Each profile contains key demographic and socio-economic data by province, a provincial map with districts and its relative position on the map of Vietnam, a box on key emerging issues by province, as well as a column on national averages for comparison purposes. The main data source used is the 2009 Census, and efforts were made to disaggregate data in keeping with the equity focus. In addition to informing the sub-national planning and programming processes, the statistical profiles double as a baseline for monitoring purposes and as a fundraising tool for the next country programme cycle.
The eight focal provinces were selected based on a number of criteria, the most important of which being the depth and number of deprivations among children in a given province. Deprivation is measured based on a number of key social indicators (reflected in the profiles), including child mortality; stunting; net enrolment; and use of safe drinking water and sanitation, among others. Other considerations include: continuity and existing partnerships with provincial authorities, UNICEF and counterpart capacity, presence of partners, UNICEF added value, and regional balance.
Although Viet Nam has achieved significant results in improving children’s health and nutritional status over the past decades, addressing malnutrition – and stunting in particular – remains an unfinished agenda. A Review of the Nutrition Situation in Viet Nam in 2009-2010, prepared jointly by the National Institute of Nutrition and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), focuses on the nutritional status of children under five years and their mothers, especially on the prevalence of malnutrition among the preschool population, and the data on micronutrient deficiencies. It also includes data on some of the underlying and basic factors such as food consumption and poverty.
The Nutrition Situation in Viet Nam shows that about 29 per cent of preschool aged children are stunted and 17.5 per cent of children under five are underweight. In addition, a number of nutrition-related chronic diseases such as obesity, hypertension, diabetes and cardio-vascular diseases are increasing rapidly, creating a double burden of malnutrition in Viet Nam.
The Analysis of the Situation of Children in Dien Bien Province provides a holistic picture of the situation of girls and boys, including an in-depth analysis of remaining challenges that children face. It also examines the possible causes of the situation of children, and analyses the province in the context of the North West region and Viet Nam as a whole. The report aims to contribute towards establishing a stronger knowledge base on children by compiling and analysing information and data on children’s issues that exists but has not yet been consolidated or comprehensively analysed.
The Analysis’ findings confirm the province’s remarkable progress across a broad spectrum of children’s issues, in line with its socio-economic development achievements in recent years. However, there are areas where disparities exist and progress is still needed, such as child malnutrition, health care for ethnic minority children and those who are living in poor households, increasing HIV/AIDS prevalence, poor water supply to mountainous communes and villages, limited access to hygienic sanitation by the rural population, limited education for ethnic minority children at all levels, and limited access to special protection measures by vulnerable groups of children.
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On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.
As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam
Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride. But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.
There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment. Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year. And people living with HIV are living longer lives.
The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030. Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.
25 November 2016 - At long last, there is growing global recognition that violence against women and girls is a human rights violation, public health pandemic and serious obstacle to sustainable development. Yet there is still much more we can and must do to turn this awareness into meaningful prevention and response.
Did you know that in Viet Nam, the net flow of foreign direct investment increased from USD1billion in 2003 to USD10 billion in 2008, and that by 2015 reached USD23 billion? Or that the total value of exports rose from USD2 billion in 1990 to USD72 billion in 2010, to reach USD162 billion in 2015? These impressive figures highlight the country’s robust economic success, providing a boost to the economy and employment.
These accomplishments are largely due to the reforms undertaken by Viet Nam since Doi Moi in 1986 which liberalized the economy, attracted foreign investment, fostered exports and reduced poverty. To prepare for reform, Viet Nam received extensive technical assistance from the international community, including from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), well before 1986 and, more precisely, since 1978.
For more than 35 years, UNIDO has been sharing international best practices to help Viet Nam develop inclusive and sustainable industry. With more than USD100 million in expenditure, UNIDO’s technical cooperation activities have been carried out across a broad range of fields, including support to the private sector and technical and industrial research organizations, facilitation of technology transfer, trade capacity-building, human resource development, environmental protection, energy efficiency, investment promotion and responsible business practices.
Volunteering for Sustainable Development Goals – UNV Vietnam Facebook Photo Contest
On the occasion of International Youth Day (IYD) celebration event organized by the UN in Vietnam "Vietnamese Youth: Partners in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals", the UNV Field Unit (FU) in Vietnam is thrilled to launch its Facebook Photo Contest – "Volunteering for Sustainable Development Goals". Vietnamese Youth is a driving force of Volunteerism and has an important role to play in achieving SDGs, including through Volunteer activities. Show the world how you contribute to achieving the SDGs by Volunteering! Either you are a young volunteer or any other kind of volunteer, you are welcome to join the contest!