Viet Nam: Emergency Response Plan 2016/17

Viet Nam: Emergency Response Plan 2016/17
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Name:Viet Nam: Emergency Response Plan 2016/17
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At least one third of Vietnam’s 63 provinces continue to be affected by El Niño-induced drought, with 18 provinces in the South Central, Central Highlands and Mekong Delta regions severely affected. Another eight provinces are at risk of becoming severely affected in the coming weeks. An estimated 2 million (400,000 households) people in the three regions do not have regular and sufficient access to water for human consumption and domestic use.

Situation Overview

  • 18 provinces severely affected at present
  • 22 provinces currently drought-affected
  • 52 provinces aided by Government since mid-2015

Water shortage and use of unsafe water pose risk factors for outbreaks of water-related disease. This, coupled with heightened food insecurity due to drought-induced crop loss, is a likely factor in the rising rate of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) reported by the 21-24 March inter-agency rapid assessment. This showed an increase in the SAM rate from 1.3-1.8 per cent in 2015 to 1.9-2.1 per cent in the first quarter of 2016 in three of the six drought-affected provinces assessed.

In the Mekong Delta, the drought and related decrease in groundwater levels have resulted in the most extensive saltwater intrusion in 90 years. While salt water intrusion (which contaminates aquifers that support domestic water demand) is an annual phenomenon, it set in nearly two months earlier than normal in 2016 and has penetrated an average 20-30 km further inland than normal. As a result of the drought and saltwater intrusion, some 400,000 hectares of cropland have been affected with varying degrees of productivity loss, and 25,900 ha have not been planted at all.

Since late 2015, the Government has provided 5,221 tons of relief food for distribution to the three drought-affected regions and has allocated 1008 billion VND (45 million USD) for drought relief efforts nationally. This has supported trucking of 2 million m3 of water and distribution of 630,000 doses of Chloramine B and 400,000 Aquatabs for water-insecure households. On 15 March 2016, the Government of Viet Nam (GoV) requested the support of international partners for their relief efforts, with priority given to ensuring water supply, storage and treatment in drought-affected areas, as well as food security and nutritional support and enhanced monitoring of potential disease outbreaks.

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