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The rights of children with disabilities in Viet Nam

Date added: 05/05/2010
Downloads: 8883
The rights of children with disabilities in Viet Nam Bringing Vietnam’s Laws into compliance with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

UNICEF and the government of Viet Nam commissioned Eric Rosenthal to conduct the assessment and analysis for this report, along with other experts from Mental Disability Rights International. The main aim of this report is to assist the government of Viet Nam in bringing its laws and policies into conformity with the new United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), which Viet Nam signed on October 22, 2007. The key objectives of this consultancy were:
  • Assessment and analysis of the compliance of Vietnamese legal normative documents related children with disabilities(CWD) with UNCRPD and international treaties, standards and norms related to disability (using the desk review of Vietnamese legal normative documents related to CWD carried out by national legal expert);
  • Review the draft Law on PWD and provision of comments and recommendations for its’ improvement/finalization;
  • Development of recommendations to the government of Viet Nam for legislative and policy changes to bring about implementation of the new legal standards established in the CRPD; these suggestions are based upon our analysis of Vietnamese law and interviews with government officials, service providers, educators, disability activists; our analysis is also informed by site visits to service programs in Viet Nam for children and adults with disabilities.

A Review of Child Injury Prevention in Viet Nam

Date added: 04/23/2010
Downloads: 11517
A Review of Child Injury Prevention in Viet Nam

Executive Summary
Child injuries are an important public health issue worldwide. The unprecedented economic and social development in Viet Nam over the past two decades has contributed to the emergence of injury as a major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly in children.

Child Injury in Viet Nam
In 2007 alone, 7,894 children and adolescents aged 0-19 died of injury. Leading causes of child injury-related death in Viet Nam include drowning, road traffic injury, poisoning, falling, burns and animal bites. Major causes of non-fatal childhood injury are falls, traffic accidents, animal bites, injury by sharp objects and burns. Similar to other low- and middle-income countries, risk factors of child injury include age, gender, hazardous environments, low socioeconomic status, which is often associated with a lack of awareness about injury risks and the lack of supervision of children, as well as limited access to safety devices and appropriate healthcare, particularly emergency and pre-hospital care. International evidence shows that all types of injuries in children are preventable. Intervention approaches based on a combination of education and training, legislation and enforcement, environmental modifications and promotion of safer products and safety devices are likely to succeed in reducing the burden of injury in children.

 Download factsheet here

Review of the implementation of the national policy on prevention of injury 2006 - 2009

Date added: 04/01/2010
Downloads: 6656
Review of the implementation of the national policy on prevention of injury 2006 - 2009

The purpose is to review progress on the implementation of the National Injury Prevention Policy and to make recommendations for future directions. Specific aims and objectives of the review were to: (i) Examine the conformity of national policy with international standards; (ii) Assess key achievements and constraints encountered by implementing agencies in the implementation of the National Policy; (iii) Identify lessons learned; and (iv) Provide specific recommendations based on the review for necessary adjustments and/or further development of the National Policy.

Key findings and conclusions

  • Since the National Policy was decreed in 2002, substantial progress on injury prevention has been made in many areas and against each of the general objectives. While a great deal has been done in terms of governance,  regulation and program development, this has not yet translated into substantial injury and death reductions, with the possible exception of road traffic injury, which may have commenced a downward trend, though it is too early to make this judgement.
  • The lack of adequate data systems to describe the injury problem, to identify specific injury mechanisms and settings to target for intervention, and to monitor progress is a substantial barrier to achieving the full potential of the National Policy.
  • Other areas where achievements are lacking are also identified in detail and multiple recommendations have been made for improvements and for some new directions.
  • A future high level National Action Plan is needed urgently to provide co-ordination, leadership and central funding.

Health equity in Viet Nam a situational analysis focused on maternal and child mortality

Date added: 03/02/2010
Downloads: 9623
Health equity in Viet Nam a situational analysis focused on maternal and child mortality

Background paper prepared for unicef consultancy on "Equity in access to quality healthcare for women and children" (april 8-10, ha long city, Viet Nam)

This situational analysis provides estimates of the degree of inequality in both maternal and child mortality and other high-level maternal and child health outcomes causally related to maternal and child mortality, including child morbidity, children's nutritional status and fertility. Estimates are also provided for several key intermediate health outcomes causally related to maternal and child mortality, including family planning, antenatal care, obstetric delivery care, immunization and curative care. Both early estimates for 1992/93 and recent estimates for 2006 of inequality are presented and compared. The main data sources used in the situational analysis include three household surveys, i.e., the 1992/93 Vietnam Living Standards Survey (VLSS), the 2006 MICS III and the 2006 Viet Nam Household Living Standards Survey (VHLSS), and provincelevel data from the MOH Health Information System (HIS) and other sources. In addition to inequality estimates, the situational analysis presents the results of regression analysis used to identify the underlying factors, such as age, sex, education, income, urbanization and ethnicity that are most closely associated with these outcomes. The observed inequalities are also decomposed in order to quantify the contributions made by the various underlying factors to the observed inequality.

It's About Ability - Learning Guide on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Date added: 01/28/2010
Downloads: 8289
It's About Ability - Learning Guide on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

This guide was written by Valerie Karr, a Ph.D candidate at Teachers College, Columbia University and an expert in the field of child education and disability.

The guide is a companion to the publication It’s About Ability, a child-friendly booklet version of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The development of both materials was initiated at UNICEF under the leadership of the Child Protection Section, with support from the Adolescent Development and Participation Unit. The guide and booklet were edited and produced by UNICEF’s Division of Communication.

UNICEF would like to thank Rosangela Berman Bieler and Sergio Meresman of the Inter-American Institute on Disability and Inclusive Development for peer-reviewing the guide.  We also express  appreciation to the many other people who commented on successive drafts:  Helen Schulte (UNICEF), Ravi Karkara (UNICEF), Shaila Parveen Luna (UNICEF), Lena Karlsson (UNICEF Innocenti Research Center), Cristina Gallegos (UNICEF) , Jaclyn Tierney (UNICEF) and Carolina Hepp (UNICEF).

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