The Analysis of the Situation of Children in Dien Bien Province provides a holistic picture of the situation of girls and boys, including an in-depth analysis of remaining challenges that children face. It also examines the possible causes of the situation of children, and analyses the province in the context of the North West region and Viet Nam as a whole. The report aims to contribute towards establishing a stronger knowledge base on children by compiling and analysing information and data on children’s issues that exists but has not yet been consolidated or comprehensively analysed.
The Analysis’ findings confirm the province’s remarkable progress across a broad spectrum of children’s issues, in line with its socio-economic development achievements in recent years. However, there are areas where disparities exist and progress is still needed, such as child malnutrition, health care for ethnic minority children and those who are living in poor households, increasing HIV/AIDS prevalence, poor water supply to mountainous communes and villages, limited access to hygienic sanitation by the rural population, limited education for ethnic minority children at all levels, and limited access to special protection measures by vulnerable groups of children.
This Situation Analysis was produced over a two-year period by UNICEF in close collaboration with the Government of Viet Nam. It was initiated in the context of the 2008 Mid-Term Review of the Programme of Cooperation between the Government of Viet Nam and UNICEF.
UNICEF would like to sincerely thank the Government of Viet Nam for their collaboration in the development of this Analysis, particularly the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI), Office of Government, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education and Training, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Justice, General Statistics Office, and the National Assembly’s Committee for Culture, Education, Youth and Children.
The contributions and inputs from the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA), as the State Managing Agent for children, are particularly acknowledged. The initial research, writing and analysis was done by a team consisting of Dr. Rebeca Rios Kohn (team leader), Ms. Vu Xuan Nguyet Hong, and Mr. Nguyen Tam Giang. The document went through extensive consultation and review from a wide range of organisations, including United Nations agencies, international and national “non-governemntal” Oganisations, and academic institutions and researchers. Three consultation workshops were held in 2008, with strong participation from relevant partners. A field trip was undertaken to Dong Thap province in 2008, where the research team was provided with provincial authorities’ insights on the situation of children specifically in that province.
UNICEF Viet Nam staff revised and updated the draft document, bringing it to its final form.
UNICEF would like to sincerely thank all those who contributed to this publication.
Viet Nam has achieved rapid economic success and remarkable social progress in just over two decades, reaching lower middle-income status in 2009. It is a leader in the Asia-Pacific region in having achieved almost all of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) at the national level well ahead of schedule, and it is on track to achieve the others before 2015. The country was the first in Asia, and the second in the world, to ratify the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in 1990, and it has continued to demonstrate visible and forward-looking leadership for its approximately 30 million children (around one-third of the total population). By any measure, Viet Nam has made tremendous progress for its children in a remarkably short period of time.
Yet segments of the child and adolescent population in Viet Nam continue to live in conditions of deprivation and exclusion. For example, quality health care, secondary education and clean water are not equally accessible to all children. Social exclusion is caused by several factors including economic disparities, gender inequality, and marked differences between the rural and the more affluent urban areas, as well as between geographic regions. Ethnic minorities continue to be among the poorest and have benefited least from the country’s economic growth. Poverty still causes children to drop out of school, live in the streets, or engage in high-risk behaviour such as sex work in order to survive.
Background on Global Handwashing Day
The practice of hand-washing with soap tops the international hygiene agenda on October 15, with the celebration of Global Hand-washing Day (GHWD). Since its inception in 2008 – which was designated as the International Year of Sanitation by the UN General Assembly – Global Hand-washing Day has been echoing and reinforcing the call for improved hygiene practices worldwide.
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TOM (Tikkun Olam Makers) is an international non-profit organization using design and technology to address neglected problems. The TOM event is an intersection between challenges and technical solutions. Participants with different backgrounds and expertise gather together for a 72-hour “makeathon” and build a product to help someone in need. TOM focuses on inclusive designs with a reasonable price for people with disabilities. In Hebrew, Tikkun Olam means changing the world; and this is TOM’s mission. (See more information about TOM at www.tomglobal.org) Dead
In 2016, the United States Consulate General in Ho Chi Minh City, the Embassy of the State of Israel, UNICEF, Disability Research and Capacity Development (DRD), FABLAB Saigon, and other partners from academia and the private sector will co-organize the TOM event in Ho Chi Minh City. This is a unique opportunity for children with disabilities and families to present their challenges, as well as share ideas of products that would help to reduce their challenges. Based on these ideas, technical teams will develop innovative solutions during a 72-hour “makeathon” to help children have a better life.
10 December 2015 - Amid large-scale atrocities and widespread abuses across the world, Human Rights Day should rally more concerted global action to promote the timeless principles that we have collectively pledged to uphold.
In a year that marks the 70th anniversary of the United Nations, we can draw inspiration from the history of the modern human rights movement, which emerged from the Second World War.
At that time, President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States identified four basic freedoms as the birthright of all people: freedom of expression, freedom of worship, freedom from want and freedom from fear. His wife, Eleanor Roosevelt, joined forces at the United Nations with human rights champions from around the world to enshrine these freedoms in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
9 December 2015 - Global attitudes towards corruption have changed dramatically. Where once bribery, corruption and illicit financial flows were often considered part of the cost of doing business, today corruption is widely -- and rightly -- understood as criminal and corrosive. The new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, our plan to end poverty and ensure lives of dignity for all, recognizes the need to fight corruption in all its aspects and calls for significant reductions in illicit financial flows as well as for the recovery of stolen assets.
Corruption has disastrous impacts on development when funds that should be devoted to schools, health clinics and other vital public services are instead diverted into the hands of criminals or dishonest officials.
1 December 2015 - This year, we mark World AIDS Day with new hope. I applaud the staunch advocacy of activists. I commend the persistent efforts of health workers. And I pay tribute to the principled stance of human rights defenders and the courage of all those who have joined forces to fight for global progress against the disease.
World leaders have unanimously committed to ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030 as part of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted in September. This commitment reflects the power of solidarity to forge, from a destructive disease, one of the most inclusive movements in modern history.
25 November 2015 - The atrocity crimes being committed against women and girls in conflict zones, along with the domestic abuse found in all countries, are grave threats to progress.
I am deeply concerned about the plight of women and girls living in conditions of armed conflict, who suffer various forms of violence, sexual assault, sexual slavery and trafficking. Violent extremists are perverting religious teachings to justify the mass subjugation and abuse of women. These are not random acts of violence, or the incidental fallout of war, but rather systematic efforts to deny women's freedoms and control their bodies. As the world strives to counter and prevent violence extremism, the protection and empowerment of women and girls must be a key consideration.