Over the past years, private child care centres and family-based child care groups have been booming in Viet Nam to meet the public demand for under 3-year old child care as public education cannot accommodate fully these children. There have been many concerns about quality related issues of these groups/centres including but not limited to abuse, violence, unsafety, malnutrition, obesity, intellectual delay, etc. As such, this study looks into the actual situation of these groups/centres and to recommend solutions to remove existing barriers that hinders early childhood development especially of children under 3-years old in Viet Nam. The study was conducted by the Early Childhood Education Research Centre under the Viet Nam National Institute of Educational Science, with support from UNICEF Viet Nam since 2015. Field visits were made to six provinces represented three typical areas in Viet Nam, namely densely populated areas (Ha Noi, Nghe An), industrialized zones (Binh Duong, Vinh Phuc) and ethnic minority areas (Lao Cai, Gia Lai).
This Analysis is part of a series of provincial situation analyses of children’s rights that UNICEF Viet Nam has initiated to support provinces under the Social Policy and Governance Programme. The purpose of this initiative is to provide information to allow for provincial planning and budgeting becoming more child-friendly and evidence-based, especially for socio-economic development and sectorial plans.
This report contributes to a holistic picture of the provincial situation of girls and boys in Lao Cai and provides an in-depth analysis of children’s issues, bottlenecks and barriers to the realization of children’s rights in a mountainous area with diverse ethnic minority groups.
UNICEF supported Gia Lai's Department of Planning and Investment, Department of Health of Gia Lai province in undertaking Citizen Report Card (CRC), a social audit tool, in a survey on user satisfaction with healthcare services at commune level. The objective of this survey is to improve the quality of primary healthcare for the people, especially vulnerable groups (children, the poor, ethnic minorities residing in remote and mountainous areas, etc. ), in 6 communes of 3 districts, including H'ra and A Yun communes (Mang Yang district); Krong and Dak Rong (Kbang District); Chu Rcam and Uar (Krong Pa). This study records and analyzes feedback from people who used 5 healthcare services for mothers and children at commune level, including: Antenatal care; Postpartum care; Vaccination/Immunization; Maternal and child healthcare; and health information, education and communication.
Children are special citizens. They are both physically and intellectually young and fragile, so they cannot defend their rights by themselves and therefore mainly depend on their caregivers. The rights of children should be considered when determining the obligations and responsibilities of adults, families, schools, the state and society.
Therefore, for many years the international community has asked countries to ensure that all development efforts support the achievement of the goals related to human development, especially the development of children. On the 20th of February 1990, Viet Nam became the second country in the world and the first country in Asia to ratify the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Early ratification of the convention shows that the Communist Party and the State are interested in the implementation of children’s rights. On the 5th of March 1991, the chairman of the Council of Ministers signed the “Declaration of the World Summit for Children” and on the 18th of August 1991 Viet Nam National Assembly promulgated the “Law on Protection, Care and Education of Children.”
Accordingly, the rights of children and the responsibility of the state, families and society were institutionalized by law. Policies for children were implemented along with strategies and plans for socio-economic development plans.
This report was made within the long term cooperation between UNICEF Viet Nam to the Ethnic Miniority Policies Management Board Committee for Ethnic Minority Affrairs (CEMA) in 2014. We would like to thank the research team from IRC Development Research and Consulting (IRC Consulting) (include Dr. Pham Thai Hung – team leader, Hoang Xuan Trung, Pham Quang, Hung, and Le Thi Thu Trang, with support from Pham Thi Thuy Chi, Le Nguyen Quynh Chang, Nguyen Dinh Tuan, and Nguyen Thi Thao, and Do Thu Thuy). Many comments were made to earlier drafts of this Report, especially those from Ms. Be Thi Hong Van , Ms. Tran Chi Mai, and Ms. Nguyen Thu Thao (CEMA), and Ms. Nguyen Thi Van Anh, Ms. Yoshimi Nishino, Ms. Mizuho Okimoto and Ms. Christina Popivanova (UNICEF ), and the two independent reviewers. We would like to thank you all for sharing your comments and suggestions to improve the Report. We also thank UNICEF Vietnam for providing financial support for this study and the associated events. However, the results and recommendations of this report are of the authors’ and do not necessarily reflect the views of CEMA, UNICEF Viet Nam or any other parties.
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On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.
As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam
Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride. But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.
There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment. Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year. And people living with HIV are living longer lives.
The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030. Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.
25 November 2016 - At long last, there is growing global recognition that violence against women and girls is a human rights violation, public health pandemic and serious obstacle to sustainable development. Yet there is still much more we can and must do to turn this awareness into meaningful prevention and response.
Did you know that in Viet Nam, the net flow of foreign direct investment increased from USD1billion in 2003 to USD10 billion in 2008, and that by 2015 reached USD23 billion? Or that the total value of exports rose from USD2 billion in 1990 to USD72 billion in 2010, to reach USD162 billion in 2015? These impressive figures highlight the country’s robust economic success, providing a boost to the economy and employment.
These accomplishments are largely due to the reforms undertaken by Viet Nam since Doi Moi in 1986 which liberalized the economy, attracted foreign investment, fostered exports and reduced poverty. To prepare for reform, Viet Nam received extensive technical assistance from the international community, including from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), well before 1986 and, more precisely, since 1978.
For more than 35 years, UNIDO has been sharing international best practices to help Viet Nam develop inclusive and sustainable industry. With more than USD100 million in expenditure, UNIDO’s technical cooperation activities have been carried out across a broad range of fields, including support to the private sector and technical and industrial research organizations, facilitation of technology transfer, trade capacity-building, human resource development, environmental protection, energy efficiency, investment promotion and responsible business practices.
Volunteering for Sustainable Development Goals – UNV Vietnam Facebook Photo Contest
On the occasion of International Youth Day (IYD) celebration event organized by the UN in Vietnam "Vietnamese Youth: Partners in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals", the UNV Field Unit (FU) in Vietnam is thrilled to launch its Facebook Photo Contest – "Volunteering for Sustainable Development Goals". Vietnamese Youth is a driving force of Volunteerism and has an important role to play in achieving SDGs, including through Volunteer activities. Show the world how you contribute to achieving the SDGs by Volunteering! Either you are a young volunteer or any other kind of volunteer, you are welcome to join the contest!