This guide was written by Valerie Karr, a Ph.D candidate at Teachers College, Columbia University and an expert in the field of child education and disability.
The guide is a companion to the publication It’s About Ability, a child-friendly booklet version of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The development of both materials was initiated at UNICEF under the leadership of the Child Protection Section, with support from the Adolescent Development and Participation Unit. The guide and booklet were edited and produced by UNICEF’s Division of Communication.
UNICEF would like to thank Rosangela Berman Bieler and Sergio Meresman of the Inter-American Institute on Disability and Inclusive Development for peer-reviewing the guide. We also express appreciation to the many other people who commented on successive drafts: Helen Schulte (UNICEF), Ravi Karkara (UNICEF), Shaila Parveen Luna (UNICEF), Lena Karlsson (UNICEF Innocenti Research Center), Cristina Gallegos (UNICEF) , Jaclyn Tierney (UNICEF) and Carolina Hepp (UNICEF).
Viet Nam has achieved rapid economic success and remarkable social progress in just over two decades, reaching lower middle-income status in 2009. It is a leader in the Asia-Pacific region in having achieved almost all of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) at the national level well ahead of schedule, and it is on track to achieve the others before 2015. The country was the first in Asia, and the second in the world, to ratify the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in 1990, and it has continued to demonstrate visible and forward-looking leadership for its approximately 30 million children (around one-third of the total population). By any measure, Viet Nam has made tremendous progress for its children in a remarkably short period of time.
Yet segments of the child and adolescent population in Viet Nam continue to live in conditions of deprivation and exclusion. For example, quality health care, secondary education and clean water are not equally accessible to all children. Social exclusion is caused by several factors including economic disparities, gender inequality, and marked differences between the rural and the more affluent urban areas, as well as between geographic regions. Ethnic minorities continue to be among the poorest and have benefited least from the country’s economic growth. Poverty still causes children to drop out of school, live in the streets, or engage in high-risk behaviour such as sex work in order to survive.
Viet Nam has made significant progress over the past decades in providing rural population with safe water supply and sanitation facilities. Nevertheless, the progress with sanitation and hygiene has been less impressive with concerns for the quality and use of household, school and public sanitary facilities. In order to set a national benchmark, Ministry of Health (MOH) in 2005 issued a decision (08/2005/QD-BYT) outlining the hygiene sanitation standard.
This National Baseline Survey on the Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Situation in Viet Nam is the first national survey that has applied the hygienic sanitation standards as outlined in the Decision 08/2005/QD-BYT. It provides an overview of the coverage of hygienic latrines in rural households, schools and other public places. The survey presents the current situation of water usage, sanitation and hygiene practice at households, schools, and other public places in rural Viet Nam. The data collected was analyzed in various ecological regions and among different population groups.The final report was reviewed and approved by MOH’s scientific committee.
The findings from this survey will be used as a reference for further interventions, supervision, and evaluation for the National Target Programme on Rural Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation in the second phase (NTP II). The data also will be used for implementation and evaluation the cooperation programme between MOH and UNICEF in the period 2006-2010. Moreover, the results of the survey will be useful baseline to assess achievements of the countries on Viet Nam Development Goals (VDGs) and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
The survey was conducted by MOH with the participation of Viet Nam Administration of Preventive Medicine (VAPM), and Water Supply and Sanitation Reference Centre (WSRC) of Thai Binh Medical College, with technical as well as financial support from UNICEF.
Background paper prepared for unicef consultancy on "Equity in access to quality healthcare for women and children" (april 8-10, ha long city, Viet Nam)
This situational analysis provides estimates of the degree of inequality in both maternal and child mortality and other high-level maternal and child health outcomes causally related to maternal and child mortality, including child morbidity, children's nutritional status and fertility. Estimates are also provided for several key intermediate health outcomes causally related to maternal and child mortality, including family planning, antenatal care, obstetric delivery care, immunization and curative care. Both early estimates for 1992/93 and recent estimates for 2006 of inequality are presented and compared. The main data sources used in the situational analysis include three household surveys, i.e., the 1992/93 Vietnam Living Standards Survey (VLSS), the 2006 MICS III and the 2006 Viet Nam Household Living Standards Survey (VHLSS), and provincelevel data from the MOH Health Information System (HIS) and other sources. In addition to inequality estimates, the situational analysis presents the results of regression analysis used to identify the underlying factors, such as age, sex, education, income, urbanization and ethnicity that are most closely associated with these outcomes. The observed inequalities are also decomposed in order to quantify the contributions made by the various underlying factors to the observed inequality.
The results of the first-ever nationwide survey on the family in Viet Nam will be released on Thursday, June 26, at an official launch in the International Conference Centre in Ha Noi. The survey was carried out in 2006 by the Family Department of the Commission for Population, Family and Children, now moved to the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (MOCST), in collaboration with the General Statistical Office (GSO) and the Institute for Family and Gender Studies, with support from UNICEF. The objective of the survey was to obtain information on family issues and trends in Viet Nam through interviews with adults, adolescents and elderly family members.
The solid data generated by the survey - which includes both quantitative and qualitative data disaggregated by region, ethnicity, income, age, sex, etc. – will be used by the Government and development partners to inform policy making in a wide range of areas related to the family in Viet Nam. The survey also provides timely and sound evidence for the government to formulate policies, especially related to the important recent Law on Gender Equality and Law on Prevention and Control of Domestic Violence. The data will provide a solid basis for monitoring the impact of these laws over time, as well as insight into new trends and issues affecting families in Viet Nam.
The launch will feature statements by the Ministry of Culture, Sport and Tourism, and UNICEF Viet Nam, a presentation on the main findings and recommendations from the survey, and a video depicting some of the main themes emerging from the research.
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On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.
As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam
Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride. But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.
There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment. Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year. And people living with HIV are living longer lives.
The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030. Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.
25 November 2016 - At long last, there is growing global recognition that violence against women and girls is a human rights violation, public health pandemic and serious obstacle to sustainable development. Yet there is still much more we can and must do to turn this awareness into meaningful prevention and response.
Did you know that in Viet Nam, the net flow of foreign direct investment increased from USD1billion in 2003 to USD10 billion in 2008, and that by 2015 reached USD23 billion? Or that the total value of exports rose from USD2 billion in 1990 to USD72 billion in 2010, to reach USD162 billion in 2015? These impressive figures highlight the country’s robust economic success, providing a boost to the economy and employment.
These accomplishments are largely due to the reforms undertaken by Viet Nam since Doi Moi in 1986 which liberalized the economy, attracted foreign investment, fostered exports and reduced poverty. To prepare for reform, Viet Nam received extensive technical assistance from the international community, including from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), well before 1986 and, more precisely, since 1978.
For more than 35 years, UNIDO has been sharing international best practices to help Viet Nam develop inclusive and sustainable industry. With more than USD100 million in expenditure, UNIDO’s technical cooperation activities have been carried out across a broad range of fields, including support to the private sector and technical and industrial research organizations, facilitation of technology transfer, trade capacity-building, human resource development, environmental protection, energy efficiency, investment promotion and responsible business practices.
Volunteering for Sustainable Development Goals – UNV Vietnam Facebook Photo Contest
On the occasion of International Youth Day (IYD) celebration event organized by the UN in Vietnam "Vietnamese Youth: Partners in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals", the UNV Field Unit (FU) in Vietnam is thrilled to launch its Facebook Photo Contest – "Volunteering for Sustainable Development Goals". Vietnamese Youth is a driving force of Volunteerism and has an important role to play in achieving SDGs, including through Volunteer activities. Show the world how you contribute to achieving the SDGs by Volunteering! Either you are a young volunteer or any other kind of volunteer, you are welcome to join the contest!