The set of provincial profiles was developed to facilitate the sub-national planning and programming process by UNICEF and the Government of Viet Nam for the next Country Programme cycle 2012-2016. It contains a total of eight statistical profiles representing the eight provinces that, after an extensive analytical selection process, were identified as representing the sub-national geographical focus for the coming five years, notably: Dien Bien, Kon Tum, Ninh Thuan, Dong Thap, An Giang, Ho Chi Minh City, Gia Lai and Lao Cai.
Each profile contains key demographic and socio-economic data by province, a provincial map with districts and its relative position on the map of Vietnam, a box on key emerging issues by province, as well as a column on national averages for comparison purposes. The main data source used is the 2009 Census, and efforts were made to disaggregate data in keeping with the equity focus. In addition to informing the sub-national planning and programming processes, the statistical profiles double as a baseline for monitoring purposes and as a fundraising tool for the next country programme cycle.
The eight focal provinces were selected based on a number of criteria, the most important of which being the depth and number of deprivations among children in a given province. Deprivation is measured based on a number of key social indicators (reflected in the profiles), including child mortality; stunting; net enrolment; and use of safe drinking water and sanitation, among others. Other considerations include: continuity and existing partnerships with provincial authorities, UNICEF and counterpart capacity, presence of partners, UNICEF added value, and regional balance.
This technical assessment was aimed at reviewing the implementation of the Health Insurance Law in Viet Nam with focus on marginalized groups including children under six, the poor and the near-poor and ethnic minority groups.
Overall, Viet Nam has made considerable progress in improving economic and social well-being such as reducing the absolute poverty rate and attaining rapid and sustained economic growth. Epidemiologically, Viet Nam has been experiencing a transition to that of a developing country with an increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases. Financially, key expenditures on health have been increasing. Specifically, total health expenditure as a percentage share of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increased slightly from 4.9% in 1998 to 6.4% in 2008, mainly as a result of increases in government and social security expenditures on health. The poor and children under six have been considered vulnerable groups in health financing policies in general, and in health insurance, in particular.
Child injuries remain a growing public health problem and injuries are now acknowledged as one of the leading contributors to the global burden of disease. The evidence suggests that the burden of injury on children is unequal, with the greatest burden amongst the poor and in developing and middle income countries, compared with high income countries. These countries are where most of the world’s children live. In these countries children are exposed to considerable risk from hazards in all environments.
Assessment of nutrition status, food consumption and monitoring of related factors are worldwide paid attention. The progress or problems existing in health-nutrition through nutritional and health indicators recommended by WHO, UNICEF, FAO should be monitored for the purpose of developing early interventions and effective prevention strategies. In Asia, there are still many challenges threaten the nutritional health status of people in some countries. Meanwhile, many countries - including Vietnam - have achieved remarkable success in hunger - poverty reduction and reduce the of malnourished prevalence in children.
Heading into the next decade, the conduction of General Nutrition Survey (GNS) every 10 years is required for the purpose to assess the current nutritional situation and to analysis correlative factors and identify the risk factors. The survey results were used as an evidence bases for development of Action Plan for Nutrition in new period 2011-2020. The objective of this GNS is to assess nutritional status, household food consumption and other nutrition related issues in Vietnamese people, particularly children under 5 years old. This survey has been implemented in 512 randomly selected communes of 432 districts in 64 provinces (the administrative boundaries of provinces and cities in Vietnam before 2008). The data collection method mainly consists of interviewing, anthropometric measurement, 24-hours dietary recall and basic information of the health centres at communal, district and provincial levels. The provincial survey teams were responsible for the data collection and data checking before transferring to NIN for data cleaning and entering. Data analyzed by using Stata 11 with cluster sampling survey correction with the assistance of an international data analysis expert. The anthropometric indicators of children were analyzed based on WHO 2007 standard reference.
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25 November 2015 - The atrocity crimes being committed against women and girls in conflict zones, along with the domestic abuse found in all countries, are grave threats to progress.
I am deeply concerned about the plight of women and girls living in conditions of armed conflict, who suffer various forms of violence, sexual assault, sexual slavery and trafficking. Violent extremists are perverting religious teachings to justify the mass subjugation and abuse of women. These are not random acts of violence, or the incidental fallout of war, but rather systematic efforts to deny women's freedoms and control their bodies. As the world strives to counter and prevent violence extremism, the protection and empowerment of women and girls must be a key consideration.
14 November 2015 - Close to 350 million people in the world have diabetes, and the prevalence is rising rapidly, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. There is much all of us can do to minimize our risk of getting the disease and, even if we do get it, to live long and healthy lives with it.
People who have diabetes lose their ability to properly regulate their blood sugar. Out-of-control blood sugar can lead to nerve damage, heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and lower-limb amputation.
16 October 2015 - This year's observance of World Food Day follows the landmark adoption by world leaders of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including a set of 17 goals to guide our work towards a future of dignity and prosperity for all on a healthy planet.
How we choose to grow, process, distribute and consume the food we eat has a profound effect on people, planet, prosperity and peace. Delivering on the promise of the 2030 Agenda will not be possible without rapid progress towards ending hunger and undernutrition. In the same way, delivering on the commitment to end hunger forever, for all people, will not be possible without major gains across the new Agenda.
13 October 2015 - This year's observance of the International Day for Disaster Reduction is dedicated to the power of traditional, indigenous and local knowledge.
In March 2015 in Sendai, Japan, I met with the President of Vanuatu,
His Excellency Baldwin Lonsdale, at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction. On that very day, his island nation was devastated by Cyclone Pam, one of the strongest storms ever to strike the Pacific.
The force of the storm led to expectations that there would be great loss of life. Thankfully, this was not the case. One reason was that cyclone shelters built in the traditional style from local materials, saved many lives.
New York, 11 October 2015 - The newly adopted Sustainable Development Goals rightly include key targets for gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls. They offer an opportunity for a global commitment to breaking intergenerational transmission of poverty, violence, exclusion and discrimination – and realizing our vision of a life of dignity for all.
Our task now is to get to work on meeting the SDG targets and making good on our promises to give girls all the opportunities they deserve as they mature to adulthood by 2030. That means enabling them to avoid child marriage and unwanted pregnancy, protect against HIV transmission, stay safe from female genital mutilation, and acquire the education and skills they need to realize their potential. It also requires ensuring their sexual health and reproductive rights. Girls everywhere should be able to lead lives free from fear and violence. If we achieve this progress for girls, we will see advances across society.