Assessment of nutrition status, food consumption and monitoring of related factors are worldwide paid attention. The progress or problems existing in health-nutrition through nutritional and health indicators recommended by WHO, UNICEF, FAO should be monitored for the purpose of developing early interventions and effective prevention strategies. In Asia, there are still many challenges threaten the nutritional health status of people in some countries. Meanwhile, many countries - including Vietnam - have achieved remarkable success in hunger - poverty reduction and reduce the of malnourished prevalence in children.
Heading into the next decade, the conduction of General Nutrition Survey (GNS) every 10 years is required for the purpose to assess the current nutritional situation and to analysis correlative factors and identify the risk factors. The survey results were used as an evidence bases for development of Action Plan for Nutrition in new period 2011-2020. The objective of this GNS is to assess nutritional status, household food consumption and other nutrition related issues in Vietnamese people, particularly children under 5 years old. This survey has been implemented in 512 randomly selected communes of 432 districts in 64 provinces (the administrative boundaries of provinces and cities in Vietnam before 2008). The data collection method mainly consists of interviewing, anthropometric measurement, 24-hours dietary recall and basic information of the health centres at communal, district and provincial levels. The provincial survey teams were responsible for the data collection and data checking before transferring to NIN for data cleaning and entering. Data analyzed by using Stata 11 with cluster sampling survey correction with the assistance of an international data analysis expert. The anthropometric indicators of children were analyzed based on WHO 2007 standard reference.
This technical assessment was aimed at reviewing the implementation of the Health Insurance Law in Viet Nam with focus on marginalized groups including children under six, the poor and the near-poor and ethnic minority groups.
Overall, Viet Nam has made considerable progress in improving economic and social well-being such as reducing the absolute poverty rate and attaining rapid and sustained economic growth. Epidemiologically, Viet Nam has been experiencing a transition to that of a developing country with an increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases. Financially, key expenditures on health have been increasing. Specifically, total health expenditure as a percentage share of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increased slightly from 4.9% in 1998 to 6.4% in 2008, mainly as a result of increases in government and social security expenditures on health. The poor and children under six have been considered vulnerable groups in health financing policies in general, and in health insurance, in particular.
The Government of Vietnam - United Nations Joint Programme (JP) to fight Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) was developed by the Government of Vietnam together with United Nations (UN) Agencies to address the immediate emergency support needed to control the current outbreak. This programme includes two phases with estimated total cost of the Joint Programme is US$23.1 million for Phase I and Phase II combined. The overall objective of the programme is “To reduce the health risk to humans from avian influenza by controlling the disease at source in domestic poultry, by detecting and responding promptly to human cases, and by preparing for the medical consequences of a human pandemic”.
The midterm evaluation (MTE) of the JP Phase II is intended to: (i) Review progress of the JP towards its objectives and outcomes; (ii)Analyse the strengths and weaknesses of the management of the JP; (iii) Suggest adjustments to the programme (if needed); and (iv) Recommend concrete measures for improving the programme performance and achievement of the programme objectives and outcomes. In general, the Joint Programme has had impact on coordinating within and across the UN agencies and Ministries of the Government of Vietnam. Specifically, coordination between implementing agencies of the JP has been improved with a more holistic approach to solving a critical health issue for Vietnam and the region. In addition, HPAI control is improved due at least in part to the efforts of the JP and the concept of sustainable ecosystem health (managing the interface of animals, humans, and the environment) to prevent emerging infectious disease is present in bits and pieces of activities throughout the JP. Moreover, a number of key recommendations have been proposed for further improvign the JP.
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The Asia-Pacific region's journey towards a successful achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development should be driven by broad-based productivity gains and further rebalancing towards domestic and regional demand, says the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) in its latest flagship publication. The Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2016 underlines that such a strategy will not only underpin revival of robust and resilient economic growth but will also improve the quality of this growth by making it more inclusive and sustainable.
In light of the new framework on disaster risk reduction and changing contexts of the post-2015 development agenda, UN Women and Government of Viet Nam, in collaboration with UNISDR and UNDP, and with support from the Government of Japan is organizing an Asia-Pacific Regional Conference on Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction to mark one year of the adaptation of the Sendai Framework. The aim of the regional conference is to provide a forum for Governments, the civil society, the academia and UN agencies and other development partners to discuss how gender equality and women's participation can be integrated into targets, indicators and actions when developing implementation plans at regional, national and local levels.
8 March 2016 - As a boy growing up in post-war Korea, I remember asking about a tradition I observed: women going into labour would leave their shoes at the threshold and then look back in fear. “They are wondering if they will ever step into those shoes again,” my mother explained.
More than a half-century later, the memory continues to haunt me. In poor parts of the world today, women still risk death in the process of giving life. Maternal mortality is one of many preventable perils. All too often, female babies are subjected to genital mutilation. Girls are attacked on their way to school. Women’s bodies are used as battlefields in wars. Widows are shunned and impoverished.
TOM (Tikkun Olam Makers) is an international non-profit organization using design and technology to address neglected problems. The TOM event is an intersection between challenges and technical solutions. Participants with different backgrounds and expertise gather together for a 72-hour “makeathon” and build a product to help someone in need. TOM focuses on inclusive designs with a reasonable price for people with disabilities. In Hebrew, Tikkun Olam means changing the world; and this is TOM’s mission. (See more information about TOM at www.tomglobal.org) Dead
In 2016, the United States Consulate General in Ho Chi Minh City, the Embassy of the State of Israel, UNICEF, Disability Research and Capacity Development (DRD), FABLAB Saigon, and other partners from academia and the private sector will co-organize the TOM event in Ho Chi Minh City. This is a unique opportunity for children with disabilities and families to present their challenges, as well as share ideas of products that would help to reduce their challenges. Based on these ideas, technical teams will develop innovative solutions during a 72-hour “makeathon” to help children have a better life.
10 December 2015 - Amid large-scale atrocities and widespread abuses across the world, Human Rights Day should rally more concerted global action to promote the timeless principles that we have collectively pledged to uphold.
In a year that marks the 70th anniversary of the United Nations, we can draw inspiration from the history of the modern human rights movement, which emerged from the Second World War.
At that time, President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States identified four basic freedoms as the birthright of all people: freedom of expression, freedom of worship, freedom from want and freedom from fear. His wife, Eleanor Roosevelt, joined forces at the United Nations with human rights champions from around the world to enshrine these freedoms in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.