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Sharing International and National experiences on Integrating Population Issues in Viet Nam's Socio-economic Development

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IMG 4322Vinh Phuc City, 7 November 2014 – Vice Minister of Planning and Investment Mr. Nguyen The Phuong and UNFPA Representative Arthur Erken co-chaired the workshop to share international and national experiences in harnessing opportunities from demographic changes for Socio-Economic Development and Implication for Viet Nam. The workshop was co-organised by the UNFPA in Viet Nam and the Development Strategy Institute on 7 November in Vinh Phuc province.

More than 60 participants from the MPI, GSO, other line ministries, international and national research institutions, international organizations and UN Agencies. This workshop was an extremely important step in the process of formulating the Report on Social Economic Development, 2016-2020, which will be submitted to the 12nd Party Congress in early 2016, for the Party's review.

Viet Nam has made impressive progresses in achieving its population goals but also challenges remains. There have been significant undergoing demographic changes: a rapid decline in fertility and mortality; internal migration on a large scale and rapidly; signification urbanisation; and a skewed sex ratio at birth. While Vietnam is having the largest-ever young population, the country is also aging rapidly at much faster rate than other Asian countries. These factors have an increasing impact on the development of the nation and the implementation of national and local socio-economic development strategies and plans.

“The average Vietnamese woman now has just 2 children in her lifetime, down from more than 6 in the early 1970s. Such fertility rate at around the replacement level has been sustained for a decade. This means that the government can now shift its focus from population control to population and development," said Mr. Arthur Erken, UNFPA Representative in Viet Nam.

Viet Nam has entered a period of demographic dividend which provides a unique economic opportunity for the country’s development, but also creates challenges.  Therefore, investing in the education and health, including sexual and reproductive health, of adolescents and young people is of utmost importance to Viet Nam’s productivity and development in the future. "We need to ensure that young people receive the support and grow up in an youth-friendly environment to become the present and future custodians of the country. The demographic dividend is giving Viet Nam a once-in-lifetime unique opportunity. Only if we seize the opportunity, it will be translated into a demographic bonus," added Mr. Arthur Erken.

The workshop has come to agreement that attentions need to be paid to issues of inequalities and disparities, which have been increasing and are accompanied by new forms of poverty and vulnerability.  As health and rights are vital to and at the core of sustainability, the Government needs to ensure that people are the centre of development, their rights, needs and well-beingshould be at the center of policies, strategies, and development plans.




1 December 2017

Michel Sidibé
Executive Director of UNAIDS
Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

This World AIDS Day, we are highlighting the importance of the right to health and the challenges that people living with and affected by HIV face in fulfilling that right.


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There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.

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