Follow us on: 
facebook
youtube
flick
 

UN recommendations to address new poverty reduction challenges in Viet Nam

Print Email

 

undp vn EM17 October 2014 - Viet Nam’s progress in poverty reduction at national level has been impressive. The country has reduced its poverty rate from 58.1 per cent in 1992 to 17.2 per cent in 2012, lifting some 30 million people out of poverty.

New poverty reduction challenges
Despite impressive progress at national level, high levels of chronic poverty persists in ethnic minority communities and key population groups such as the elderly, malnourished children, and non-registered migrants. Vulnerability given by the risk of falling back into poverty has grown as absolute poverty has declined. The near-poor are now a mainstream phenomenon and a large proportion of people are living just above the poverty threshold - at risk from climatic and economic shocks. With changes in Viet Nam’s social make up and demography, multi-dimensional poverty has emerged as a better reflection of the complex challenges faced by policymakers.

Poverty, including extreme poverty, remains prevalent among ethnic minority groups and areas. Accounting for just 15% of the total population, ethnic minority people comprise more than 50% of the total poor.  Income poverty is very high among some of these groups, but performance across other dimensions such as education, health, water, sanitation and housing in ethnic minority groups have also consistently lagged behind national averages.

New forms of urban poverty have emerged among migrants and informal sector workers as a result of rapid urbanization and social change. Slowing economic growth and macro-economic instability since 2008 has exacerbated these pressures. These groups do not have sufficient access to social protection and social services as these are often provided based on residential registration.

Climate change has had negative impacts on many aspects of Vietnamese households’ wellbeing, especially the most vulnerable, and threatens to reverse the progress that Viet Nam has made.

UN recommendations
New approaches are needed to take the poorest, hardest to reach people out of poverty.  This requires a shift in the way we think about poverty, with the chronic poor placed at the centre of poverty eradication policies.

Poverty reduction programmes for ethnic minorities must be grounded in disaggregated evidence and solid analysis of the bottlenecks faced. According to the Ethnic Minority Poverty Assessment published in May 2014, these include: the quality of key public services, their reach and delivery by professionals from minority communities; properly tailored infrastructures; and the effectiveness of social protection measures. Delivery also requires a better understanding of the cultural settings in which programmes will operate.

Local empowerment and greater attention to local needs and solutions are central to ending poverty. Giving poor men and women voice, empowering them to find solutions, and involving them in participatory planning and monitoring are cornerstones for achieving sustainable poverty reduction.

Comprehensive livelihood programmes can be introduced to reduce fragmentation across multiple initiatives, bringing together support schemes and services. An example of this unified approach is consolidated funding through the use of block grants sourced from community development funds. Communities can manage their own local development programmes through participatory planning and implementation that directly benefit the poor. The expansion of an empowered community development approach will help chronically poor communities to permanently graduate from poverty and take ownership of their own development.

More information:

 

 

Spotlight

myhealth-myright_en.pdf.png

WORLD AIDS DAY MESSAGE 2017

1 December 2017

Michel Sidibé
Executive Director of UNAIDS
Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

This World AIDS Day, we are highlighting the importance of the right to health and the challenges that people living with and affected by HIV face in fulfilling that right.


contest_680.jpg

Community spaces design contest for an exciting hanoi

Ha Noi, October 17/10/2017 - Aiming at improving the living environment and bringing culture and art to the community towards a better urban future, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) successfully developed the project “Promote participatory, community-based and youth-led approach in safe, greening public spaces in Hoan Kiem district toward a pro-poor, inclusive and sustainable urban development” (hereinafter called Public Spaces project) under the Block by Block program with Mojang, the makers of the videogame Minecraft.

 

Deadline for round 1: From 17/10/2017 to 04/11/2017 Extended to 9 November 2017


op-ed-juv-justice-390.jpg

Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


rc_ai_new_year_card_300.jpg

New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam

 

On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


WAD2016.jpg

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December

 

Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.



RSS Email Subscription

Enter your email address: