Follow us on: 

New report reveals trends and important emerging issues in Viet Nam’s labour market

Print Email

Viet Nam has a relatively high employment-to-population ratio, with almost 75 percent of those aged 15 and above in employment.
Ha Noi, 24 January 2011 
– A new report on Viet Nam's labour market was launched today providing analysis of the latest information and assessing the impact of the economic challenges that the country has faced in recent years. The Vietnam Employment Trends 2010 report, prepared with technical support from the International Labour Organization (ILO), analyses the most updated information available to assess the effects of the financial crisis on jobs and working conditions in Vietnam, and discusses projections of how the labour market situation here might evolve in the years ahead.  Beginning as a crisis in the financial markets, the global financial crisis soon affected labour markets and continues to affect working people, families and communities around the world.  

All around the world people feel economic change, and the effects of globalization, primarily through their work. Employment is not just about having a job, it is also about the quality of employment that provides sufficient income to keep workers and their families out of poverty, especially in times of economic instability.

Looking at Vietnam's employed population, several important trends were detected during this period. It is important to note that there was an increase in the labour force participation between years of 2007 and 2009, due to people joining the labour force in the face of financial instability. However, the report's detailed analysis shows a more complex situation with both achieved gains and emerging challenges.

Importantly for the fight against poverty—and for progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals—the objectives of the Decent Work Agenda are being achieved. The proportion of vulnerable employment nationwide decreased by 4.3 percentage points. However, increases in unpaid family work (4.0 percentage points) during this same period went against a declining overall trend in vulnerable employment.

Mme Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan, Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs speaking at the launch of the Vietnam Employment Trends Report 2010

The research shows that for the moment the largest sector of employment in Vietnam remains, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, with employment of nearly 23 million in 2008. However this figure is set to decline to a projected level of 21.1 million by 2020, as the economy shifts towards higher value-added, and more technology- and capital-intensive industries and service sectors. Analysis underscores the fact that better qualified, and more highly skilled workers will be needed to fuel this shift, and consequently Vietnam's growth as a successful middle-income country.

Detailed, sector-specific studies reveal that Industry, Services and Agriculture sectors grew at an average rate of 6.7 percent between 2007 and 2009, however a closer focus on labour productivity will be required in these sectors to ensure that the economy will create and sustain decent jobs with reasonable pay.

The Vietnam Employment Trends 2010, is part of an annually published series that impacts the decisions of policy makers and investors alike. The 2010 report will serve as the scientific foundation for national labour market and education strategies for 2011-2015 and the socio-economic development strategy until 2020. The report is published by the National Centre of Labour Market Forecast and Information, with technical support from ILO experts under the EU/MOLISA/ILO 'Labour Market Project' funded by European Union.


Guests at the launch: (from the left) Mr Allaster Cox –Australian Ambassador; Ms Rie Vejs-Kjeldgaard, Director of ILO Country Office for Viet Nam; Mme Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan, Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs; Mr Sean Doyle, Ambassador of EU Delegation to Viet Nam; Mr Nguyen Thanh Hoa, Vice Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs; Ms Nguyen Hai Van, Deputy Director of Bureau of Employment (MoLISA), Mr Hans Farhammer, Counselor (Cooperation) of EU Delegation to Viet Nam, Mr John Stewart ILO Labour Market Information Specialist and Mr Nguyen Dai Dong, Director General of Bureau of Employment (MoLISA)

For more information contact:
Ms. Lê Thị Hương Liên | Communication Officer | ILO Office in Viet Nam
Tel: +84-4-37340902 ext 206 | Mob: +84-(0)913237328 | Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  





The Secretary-General's message on the International Day of the girl child


New York, 11 October 2015 - The newly adopted Sustainable Development Goals rightly include key targets for gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls. They offer an opportunity for a global commitment to breaking intergenerational transmission of poverty, violence, exclusion and discrimination – and realizing our vision of a life of dignity for all.

Our task now is to get to work on meeting the SDG targets and making good on our promises to give girls all the opportunities they deserve as they mature to adulthood by 2030. That means enabling them to avoid child marriage and unwanted pregnancy, protect against HIV transmission, stay safe from female genital mutilation, and acquire the education and skills they need to realize their potential. It also requires ensuring their sexual health and reproductive rights. Girls everywhere should be able to lead lives free from fear and violence. If we achieve this progress for girls, we will see advances across society.


Joint Message on the Occasion of World Teachers’ Day - Empowering Teachers, Building Sustainable Societies

Every year on World Teachers' Day, we celebrate educators and the central role they play in providing children everywhere with a quality education. Today, as the global community comes together around the new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals, the role teachers play has never have been more important.

The new global education goal, SDG 4 which is at the heart of the Education 2030 Agenda, calls for "inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all". Realising this goal is critical to achieving all our global development targets – for strong societies depend on well-educated citizens and a well-trained workforce. But we can only realize this agenda if we invest in recruiting, supporting, and empowering teachers.


The Secretary-General's message on World Habitat Day


5 October 2015 - Each year on World Habitat Day, we reflect on the state of human settlements and on what we want the cities of the future to look like.

This year’s observance follows the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – an inspiring new framework that will guide our efforts to end poverty and ensure prosperity for all on a healthy planet.  

The new Sustainable Development Goals – which include SDG-11 to “make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable” – represent a broad international consensus that recognizes sustainable urban development as a transformational approach. As part of an integrated agenda, cities and human settlements have an important role to play across the entire spectrum of the 2030 Agenda.


The Secretary-General's message on The International Day of Older Persons


1 October 2015 - On the 25th anniversary of the International Day of Older Persons, we recognize that older persons are an enormous asset to society and make a significant contribution to global development.

On September 25 at United Nations Headquarters in New York, Heads of State and governments committed themselves to building a sustainable world where no one, regardless of their age or gender, is left behind. In implementing the newly adopted 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, we must account for the demographic changes of the next 15 years. These will have a direct bearing on the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.


Remarks by the Secretary-General at summit for the adoption of the Post-2015 Development Agenda


New York, 25 September 2015

Esteemed co-Chairs of this post-2015 Summit,
Mr. President of the General Assembly,
Distinguished Heads of State and Government,
Distinguished guests,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

We have reached a defining moment in human history.

The people of the world have asked us to shine a light on a future of promise and opportunity.

Member States have responded with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

The new agenda is a promise by leaders to all people everywhere.

It is a universal, integrated and transformative vision for a better world.

It is an agenda for people, to end poverty in all its forms.

An agenda for the planet, our common home.

An agenda for shared prosperity, peace and partnership.

It conveys the urgency of climate action.

It is rooted in gender equality and respect for the rights of all.

Above all, it pledges to leave no one behind.  

RSS Email Subscription

Enter your email address: