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Selected statistics about Viet Nam (Updated July 2013)


    • Total (2011):  87.84 million
    • Urban (2011): 31.7%
    • Rural (2011): 68.3%
    • Annual population growth rate (2010):  1.04%
    • Sex ratio at birth (boys born per 100 girls born, 2012): 112.3
    • Proportion of population under 15 years of age: 23.2%
    • Population density (persons per square kilometre, 2011):  265.00
    • Land area (square kilometres): 330,957



    • Life expectancy at birth (2010-2015)
      Men: 73.4 years

      Women: 77.4 years
    • Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births (2011): 15.5
    • Child malnutrition rate (percentage underweight, 2007): 27%
    • Fertility rate (births per woman, 2011): 1.99
    • Maternal mortality rate (deaths per 100,000 live births, 2009): 69



    • Poverty rate (percentage poor, national poverty line, 2011): 12.6%
    • Food poverty line (percentage poor households, 2006 est.): 6.7%


    • GDP per capita (2011) : US$1375
    • Annual average GDP growth rate (2005-2010): 6.8%
    • Exchange rate (July 2013) US$1 = Dong 21,276
    • Increase in consumer price index (first six months of 2010): 8.757%



    • Adult literacy rate (2009) - total:  97.1%
    • Net primary school ratio (2009) – total:  95.5%
    • Net lower secondary school ratio (2005):  69%
    • Net upper secondary school ratio (2004):  55%
    • Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) (2005-2011): 88.7/86.9
    • Female third-level students (2005-2011): 49.2%



    • Threatened species (2011):  469
    • Forested area (% of land area, 2009): 44     
    • CO2 emission estimates (1000 metric tons and metric tons per capita, 2008):  127280/0.4     
    • Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent, 2009):    465.0


    • Human development index (Ranking out of 187 countries, 2012): 127
    • Gender-related development index (Ranking out of 109 countries, 2007): 62
    • Human poverty index (Ranking out of 135 developing countries, 2007): 55 


    Sources: UNdata 2013, UNDP 2013, General Statistics Office of Viet Nam 2013




    Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

    The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

    However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


    New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


    On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

    As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

    Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
    United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


    UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December


    Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

    There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

    The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.


    The secretary-general's message for the International Day to End Violence against Women and Girls


    25 November 2016 - At long last, there is growing global recognition that violence against women and girls is a human rights violation, public health pandemic and serious obstacle to sustainable development.  Yet there is still much more we can and must do to turn this awareness into meaningful prevention and response.


    UNIDO Director General's Op-Ed Article to media on the occasion of UNIDO's 50th anniversary


    Did you know that in Viet Nam, the net flow of foreign direct investment increased from USD1billion in 2003 to USD10 billion in 2008, and that by 2015 reached USD23 billion?  Or that the total value of exports rose from USD2 billion in 1990 to USD72 billion in 2010, to reach USD162 billion in 2015? These impressive figures highlight the country’s robust economic success, providing a boost to the economy and employment.

    These accomplishments are largely due to the reforms undertaken by Viet Nam since Doi Moi in 1986 which liberalized the economy, attracted foreign investment, fostered exports and reduced poverty. To prepare for reform, Viet Nam received extensive technical assistance from the international community, including from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), well before 1986 and, more precisely, since 1978.

    For more than 35 years, UNIDO has been sharing international best practices to help Viet Nam develop inclusive and sustainable industry. With more than USD100 million in expenditure, UNIDO’s technical cooperation activities have been carried out across a broad range of fields, including support to the private sector and technical and industrial research organizations, facilitation of technology transfer, trade capacity-building, human resource development, environmental protection, energy efficiency, investment promotion and responsible business practices.